A bishopric between three kingdoms: Calahorra, 1045-1190 by Carolina Carl
By Carolina Carl
In 1045, the northern Iberian Bishopric of Calahorra used to be introduced again into being through Garc?a III of Navarre at the frontline of his increasing frontiers with Castile. at the loss of life of its 8th post-restoration bishop in 1190, all or a part of the territory of this, through then unmistakably Castilian, see had replaced palms not less than seven instances among Navarre, Aragon, and Leon-Castile/Castile, as those emergent Christian kingdoms competed furiously over the Riojan frontier quarter that it occupied. This ebook, the 1st to supply a close exploration of 11th and 12th century Calahorra, examines the connection among the extraordinary volatility of Calahorras political state of affairs and the peculiarities of the sees political and institutional improvement in the course of its first a hundred forty five years as a restored Iberian bishopric.
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Extra info for A bishopric between three kingdoms: Calahorra, 1045-1190 (Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World)
38 This is most strikingly illustrated by the range of titles used in contemporary documents to describe the figure that, with the prejudice of hindsight and in the interests of clarity, I simply refer to as the Bishop of Calahorra. The sources’ various references to Gómez as Bishop of (or in) Calahorra, Nájera, San Millán, or Albelda, thus in fact reflect the existence of four very different centres with which his episcopal authority was associated during various phases of his episcopate. 23–4.
It should also be noted, however, that the ‘Libro de las Homilías’, a document drawn up in Calahorra’s scriptorium during the 1120’s, refers to the destruction of Calahorra’s Visigothic church by Almanzor: Pablo Díaz Bodegas, ‘La diócesis de Calahorra en la Edad Media y su consolidación a la sombra del poder’, in: J. I. 468. II, 6 & 7. 231. 47 The Navarrese Crown’s continued patronage of its najeran foundation likewise stands in stark contrast to a total absence of evidence of any further royal donations made to Santa María de Calahorra during Gómez’s episcopate.
41–2, 48, & 51. , 42. , 46. 92 After departing from Santa María la Real de Nájera in the late 1050’s, Gómez actively assumed the abbacy of San Martín de Albelda. It is clear from the above that he did so in his capacity as Bishop of Calahorra, and that after doing so, it was widely accepted that the authority that he exercised from his base in Albelda was of an emphatically episcopal nature. It is also clear that he intended the association of his episcopal authority with the monastery of San Martín de Albelda to outlast his own episcopate.