A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern by Molly Greene

By Molly Greene

The following Molly Greene strikes past the opposed "Christian" as opposed to "Muslim" divide that has coloured many old interpretations of the early smooth Mediterranean, and divulges a society with a miles richer set of cultural and social dynamics. She makes a speciality of Crete, which the Ottoman Empire wrested from Venetian regulate in 1669. Historians of Europe have characteristically considered the victory as a watershed, the ultimate step within the Muslim conquest of the jap Mediterranean and the obliteration of Crete's thriving Latin-based tradition. yet to what volume did the conquest really switch existence on Crete? Greene brings a brand new standpoint to undergo in this episode, and at the jap Mediterranean usually. She argues that no sharp divide separated the Venetian and Ottoman eras as the Cretans have been already a part of a global the place Latin Christians, Muslims, and japanese Orthodox Christians have been intermingling for numerous centuries, fairly within the zone of commerce.Greene additionally notes that the Ottoman conquest of Crete represented not just the extension of Muslim rule to an island that when belonged to a Christian energy, but additionally the strengthening of jap Orthodoxy on the cost of Latin Christianity, and finally the Orthodox reconquest of the jap Mediterranean. Greene concludes that regardless of their non secular changes, either the Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire represented the ancien rgime within the Mediterranean, which money owed for various similarities among Venetian and Ottoman Crete. the real push for switch within the quarter might come later from Northern Europe.

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More and more they were forced to turn to the island's peasants to participate in the republic's defense, both by serving as lookouts along the coastline, and as rowers in the galleys that Venice maintained. These duties were vigorously resisted by the Cretans. They also had to worry about an adequate grain supply for the island, particularly in case of war, and this brought them into conflict as well with local elites, who were more interested in, first, viticulture and, later on, olive oil. The Venetians in Crete desperately wanted the peasantry to view them in a benevolent light.

78 Spanakes, "Relazione de Sr. Isepo Civran," 418. 79 Spanakes, "Relazione del Nobil Huomo Zuanne Mocenigo," 188. 80 Spanakes, "Relazione Francesco Moresini," 89. A DIFFICULT ISLAND 65 The republic was largely unsuccessful in getting local elites to reorient the economy and to put military above economic concerns. It also faced a struggle in its attempts to force the wealthy ofthe island to contribute toward the ever increasing cost of maintaining Venetian rule in Crete. Although the fountain that Moresini had built in Candia at the end of the 1620s was celebrated for its beauty-the base was supported by four marble lions and a marble statue of Poseidon graced the top of it-the wealthy residents of the city were in fact extremely reluctant to fund the entire project ofensuring a more reliable water supply for the city.

Are both dated 1117/1706 and cover the entire island between them. They are stored m the Tapu ve Kadastro Gene! Mildiirliigii in Ankara. Register no. iva of Candia and Seteia-and is the only register that will be discussed here. Information is organized by individual village. each, fo~lowed by a list of tax obligations both in money and in kind. For a detailed discussion of this source and its peculiarities, see my article "An Islamic Experiment? " Lan? Policy on C:re~e," Mediterranean Historical Review 11, no.

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