After Collapse: The Regeneration of Complex Societies by Glenn M. Schwartz, John J. Nichols

By Glenn M. Schwartz, John J. Nichols

From the Euphrates Valley to the southern Peruvian Andes, early complicated societies have risen and fallen, yet often times they've got additionally been reborn. past archaeological research of those societies has centred totally on emergence and cave in. this is often the 1st book-length paintings to check the query of ways and why early complicated city societies have reappeared after classes of decentralization and collapse.

Ranging broadly around the close to East, the Aegean, East Asia, Mesoamerica, and the Andes, those cross-cultural experiences extend our figuring out of social evolution by means of interpreting how societies have been remodeled in the course of the interval of radical swap now termed “collapse.” They search to find how societal complexity reemerged, how second-generation states shaped, and the way those re-emergent states resembled or differed from the advanced societies that preceded them.

The participants draw on fabric tradition in addition to textual and ethnohistoric info to think about such elements as preexistent associations, buildings, and ideologies which are influential in regeneration; monetary and political resilience; the function of social mobility, marginal teams, and peripheries; and ethnic swap. as well as featuring a couple of theoretical viewpoints, the members additionally suggest the reason why regeneration occasionally doesn't ensue after cave in. A concluding contribution via Norman Yoffee offers a serious exegesis of “collapse” and highlights very important styles present in the case histories regarding peripheral areas and secondary elites, and to the ideology of statecraft.

After Collapse blazes new learn trails in either archaeology and the examine of social switch, demonstrating that the archaeological checklist frequently bargains extra clues to the “dark a while” that precede regeneration than do text-based experiences. It opens up a brand new window at the earlier via moving the point of interest clear of the increase and fall of old civilizations to their usually extra telling fall and rise.

Bennet Bronson, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase, Christina A. Conlee, Lisa Cooper, Timothy S. Hare, Alan L. Kolata, Marilyn A. Masson, Gordon F. McEwan, Ellen Morris, Ian Morris, Carlos Peraza Lope, Kenny Sims, Miriam T. Stark, Jill A. Weber, Norman Yoffee

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Extra resources for After Collapse: The Regeneration of Complex Societies

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The frequency of discarded bones is significantly higher in the Acropolis West than in the Acropolis East and Acropolis North combined. Moreover, domestic (Schwartz, Curvers, Gerritsen et al. 2000:425) and industrial (Schwartz et al. 2003:329–30) use of space in the Acropolis West differs fundamentally from that seen in the phases of domestic architecture of the Acropolis East and North excavation areas. There is substantial similarity between the eco- and artifactual discard associated with the domestic structures on the Acropolis East and Acropolis North, but the lack of uniformity between assemblages from these areas argues against specialized or specialist processing.

Amorite ancestry became an important means of legitimation for dynastic rulers. Though no historical evidence of Amorite rule is extant for Umm el-Marra specifically, archaeological evidence from Umm el-Marra—in conjunction with historical evidence for Syria at large—suggests that Amorites contributed to the city’s reorganization in the early second millennium bc. Evidence from Umm el-Marra Tell Umm el-Marra (fig. 2) is located in the Jabbul Plain of western Syria, midway between the Euphrates River and Aleppo.

2000). One relevant factor is the widespread acquisition of power by a newly significant ethnic group. According to textual evidence, most of the new cities and larger political entities were ruled by Amorites or individuals who claimed membership in the Amorite ethnic group, a group that largely had been stigmatized and marginalized in the official records of the preceding millennium. Vast areas of Syro-Mesopotamia coalesced under trade networks ostensibly based on Amorite ethnic relations (Cooper, chapter 2; 42 John Nichols and Jill Weber Kuhrt 1995:1:74–75).

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