Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the by T. Douglas Price
By T. Douglas Price
"Although occupied merely particularly in brief within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating previous human societies. the realm was once basically unoccupied till the tip of the final Ice Age while the melting of big ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be ultimately lined by way of natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric continues to be of human task in Scandinavia--much of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords--have given archaeologists a richly distinctive portrait of the evolution of human society. during this e-book, Doug cost offers an archaeological historical past of Scandinavia--a land mass comprising the trendy nations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's earlier publication, Europe sooner than Rome, historic Scandinavia presents overviews of every prehistoric epoch via precise, illustrative examples from the archaeological list. An engrossing and complete photo emerges of switch around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter--gatherers to massive farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a while, which culminated within the brilliant upward push of the Vikings. the fabric facts of those earlier societies--arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock paintings, fantastically wrought weaponry, Viking warships--give shiny testimony to the traditional people who as soon as referred to as domestic this usually unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable world"--
"This publication is ready the prehistory of Scandinavia, from the 1st population to their Viking descendants. Scandinavia during this learn comprises the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. the 1st bankruptcy offers frameworks for figuring out the prehistory of Scandinavia, targeting position, time, and archaeology. the next chapters are prepared by way of the key archeological divisions of the time among the coming of the 1st population, someday after 13,500 BC, and the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050, from the tip of the Pleistocene, to the early Neolithic, to the Vikings. The archaeology of this quarter presents an excellent standpoint at the improvement of human society. it is a form of laboratory for the evolution of human tradition that permits us to envision distinct proof approximately previous alterations in human society and to invite questions about what came about in this procedure. Human teams in Scandinavia developed from small bands of migratory hunters to village farmers, metal-using tribes, and early states in approximately 10,000 years. whereas the point of interest of this quantity is on Scandinavia, what has been discovered there has implications throughout a much wider set of archaeological questions: how do people colonize new areas, how do hunter-gatherers adapt to tough environments, how do people focus on dramatic adjustments of their setting, how vital was once the ocean for hunter-gatherers, why did foragers develop into farmers, what have been the implications of farming, how did hierarchical social relationships advance, how did early states function? perception on those questions in Scandinavia sheds mild in other places within the prehistoric world"-- Read more...
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Extra resources for Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings
This collection was the precursor of the National Museum of Denmark, founded in 1849. Archaeology began in earnest in Scandinavia at the beginning of the nineteenth century following land reforms and major agricultural expansion that led to the destruction of many monuments and the discovery of large numbers of antiquities. In Denmark, for example, archaeology originated under the auspices of the king. 13. Museum Wormianum in Copenhagen ca. AD 1650. 26 A ncient S candina v ia A Royal Antiquities Commission was established in 1807 to determine the state of the remaining monuments and what could be saved from further destruction.
The story of the early inhabitants of Scandinavia is a fascinating one. Our human ancestors arrived in Europe more than a million years ago, but most of the early evidence of a human presence comes from the southern half of the continent. The first humans to occupy northern Europe are poorly known. There are vague hints before the end of the Pleistocene in southern Scandinavia. A few controversial flaked stone tools from Denmark are thought to be older than 100,000 years (Holm 1986, Hartz 1986), but we know very little about these people except that they may have entered northern Europe during a period of warmth between the cold glacial periods, and then abandoned the area with the increasing cold of the last ice age.
This fascination with the past has continued to grow in Scandinavia and has led to strong public support for archaeology along with a well-informed cadre of amateurs who contribute significantly to knowledge and regularly report new finds to the authorities. The preservation of archaeological materials in northern Europe is sometimes extraordinary, providing an added dimension to the archaeological record. This organic component of the past records many of the more exciting and unusual aspects of human technology and behavior and vividly enriches our perspective.