Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Archaeological artifacts became a traded commodity largely as the worldwide achieve of Western society permits quick access to the world's archaeological historical past. received through the world's best museums and personal creditors, antiquities were faraway from archaeological websites, monuments, or cultural associations and illegally traded. This choice of essays through world-recognized specialists investigates the ways in which com-modifying artifacts fuels the destruction of archaeological history and considers what might be performed to guard it. regardless of turning out to be nationwide and overseas laws to guard cultural historical past, expanding numbers of archaeological sites-among them, war-torn Afghanistan and Iraq-are topic to pillage because the financial price of artifacts rises. supplying finished examinations of archaeological web site looting, the antiquities exchange, the wreck of cultural background assets, and the overseas efforts to wrestle their destruction, the authors argue that the antiquities marketplace affects cultural background all over the world and is a burgeoning worldwide trouble.

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The debate over the role of art museums in facilitating or stimulating the trade in unprovenanced antiquities is polarized, and art museums are often held to be good or bad, to have responsible or irresponsible acquisitions policies, and so on. But like the “market,” the “museum” should not be treated as an abstract entity imbued with a will and a purpose of its own. In a generic sense the “art museum” is a social institution, but the policies and practices of individual museums are determined by the actions of their governing and curatorial staffs, who are themselves embedded in larger social networks, including those that constitute the trade.

O’Keefe, Patrick J. ” Art, Antiquity and Law 9 (2004): 99–116. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO, 1972. ———. Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. The Hague: UNESCO, 1954. Protecting Cultural Heritage in Conflict / 35 ———. Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.

Greek Vases in New Contexts: The Collecting and Trading of Greek Vases— An Aspect of the Modern Reception of Antiquity. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 2002. Introduction / 23 O’Keefe, Patrick J. Trade in Antiquities: Reducing Destruction and Theft. London: Archetype/UNESCO, 1997. ———. ” Art, Antiquity and Law 9 (2004): 99–116. Paredes Maury, Sofia. ” Foundation for the Advancement of Meso-American Studies, (August), 1998. htm>, accessed October 18, 2004. Preziosi, Donald. ” In Art History and Its Institutions: Foundations of a Discipline, ed.

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