Artificial Intelligence in Design ’02 by Tim Smithers (auth.), John S. Gero (eds.)

By Tim Smithers (auth.), John S. Gero (eds.)

One of the principles for swap in our society comes from designing. Its genesis is the thought that the area round us both is unsuited to our wishes or will be enhanced. the necessity for designing is pushed by means of a society's view that it could enhance or upload price to human lifestyles well past uncomplicated subsistence. due to designing the realm which we inhabit is more and more a designed instead of a evidently happening one. In that experience it really is an "artificial" international. Designing is a primary precursor to production, fabrication, development or implementation. layout study goals to improve an realizing of designing and to supply versions of designing that may be used to assist designing. man made intelligence has supplied an environmental paradigm during which layout study in keeping with computational structures, will be conducted. layout study could be performed in number of methods. it may be considered as mostly an empirical endeavour within which experiments are designed and done with a purpose to try out a few speculation approximately a few layout phenomenon or layout behaviour. this can be the method followed in cognitive technology. It frequently manifests itself by utilizing protocol stories of designers. the result of such study shape the foundation of a computational version. A moment view is that layout study may be performed via positing axioms after which deriving effects from them.

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The visual representation of a description query and translation of the visual representation into aninteractive feature node in FOLDS. 1 RELATED WORK Linguistic formalisms as well as constraint programming languages use feature structures as a basic data structure. FEGRAMED (Kiefer and Fettig 1995) develops a visual tool that is built to cope with the complexity of A GRAPHICAL NOTATION FOR MIXED-INITIATIVE DIALOGUE 37 feature structures in constraint-based systems. St. Amant et al (Amant and Cohen 1997) combine the dialogue view of mixed-initiative with direct manipulation techniques in the domain of abstract force simulation and exploratory data analysis.

This representation allows the feature structure to encode the traditional commands found in geometry-based design systems. The specification of a command or function then returns a value, which can be atomic, complex or a feature structure. The use of feature structures to encode functions can also be used to pass commands. The expressiveness of feature structure command representations need to address the possibility of cyclic feature structures and structure sharing. Cyclic feature structures present challenges for the use of feature structures as a representation of visual commands.

The notation extends the modelling of incomplete or partial situations in design space exploration. It enables the user and the formalism to communicate and exchange initiative through interaction. S DATTA AND RF WOODBURY 38 The notation addresses the requirements for exchange of initiative during exploration. Incrementality provides the basis for developing a model of turn-taking between the formal resolution process and the user during exploration . As the steps of exploration change the design space dynamically, the user and the resolution process can shift their focus of attention dynamically, synchronise their paths to meet the shifts in exploration and provide context for the next step of exploration.

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