Being and Knowing - Studies in Thomas Aquinas and Later by Armand A. Maurer

By Armand A. Maurer

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See John of St. Thomas, Curs. Q. XIII, a. 3, ed. B. Reiser (Turin, 1930), I, pp. 482-484. Suarez denied its metaphysical character. See Disputationes Metaphysicae, Disp. 28, 3, n. 20 (Paris, 1877), XXVII, 20; Disp. 32, 2, n. 15, p. 323. Op. , n. 6, p. 8; trans, pp. 12-13. Cajetan also uses this expression in his Commentary on the De Ente et Essentia, 2, q. 3, ed. M. H. Laurent (Turin, 1934), n. 18, p. 32. Op. , nn. 4-5, p. 6; trans, pp. 11-12. 28 29 30 THOMAS AQUINAS when he expressed it in his own essentialist terms.

17-18. See also G. Vasquez-. "Quare licet nullus intellectus esset ab aeterno, si tamen esset futurus in aliquo tempore, et potuisset esse antea, et antea in infinitum, haec enunciatio, Antichristus erit, vel Homo est animal, diceretur aeternae veritatis, quia ex se ab aeterno non repugnat vere intelligi, vel in tempore, non determinato principio. " Comm. in primam partem Summae Theologiae, disp. 78, c. 2 (Venice, 1600), I, p. 482b. 4 5 6 1 8 ST. THOMAS AND ETERNAL TRUTHS 45 Propositions involving eternal truths are not true because they are known by God, but rather they are known by him because they are true — a thesis, incidentally, rejected by Descartes.

See also E. Gilson, Being and Some Philosophers 2nd ed. (Toronto, 1952), p. 203. See the penetrating comparison between St. Thomas' notion of analogy and that of Duns Scotus in E. Gilson, Jean Duns Scot (Paris, 1952), p. 101. Summa Theoi, I, 13, 2. , XXIII, 7, ad 9. 30 31 32 33 34 35 ; 31 THE ANALOGY OF GENUS conceptions either of being or of its transcendental modes, they cannot be abstracted from esse, and hence they are intrinsically analogical both secundum intentionem and secundum esse. On the other hand, genera can be abstracted from existence and its modes by the logician and the mathematician, both of whom are not concerned with existence but only with concepts.

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