Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields: Mechanisms, by Professor Peter Stavroulakis (auth.), Professor Peter

By Professor Peter Stavroulakis (auth.), Professor Peter Stavroulakis (eds.)

The e-book covers the sector of organic results of Electromagnetic Fields in its entirety. either low and high frequency components are offered. particularly, the underlying mechanisms of interplay among EMF and organic platforms, and the absorption styles verification of theoretical types through genuine global size overview are studied. issues akin to mathematical modeling of EMF absorption, Ion Cyclotron Resonance in organic platforms, thermal and dissipation results of cellular process radiation, results on transmission traces and railway radiation, results at the reproductive potential of particular bugs, at the immune structures, embryos, fetuses, blood parameters and behaviour of rats are completely coated in addition to wellbeing and fitness probability evaluate and healing results of EMF. each one subject is gifted from the theoretical perspective, and experimental verification is proven in all circumstances attainable. The booklet presents well-founded fabric for an summary of the most important facets of this crucial box in an instructional layout, that can pave the best way in introducing classes in lots of universities.

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Extra info for Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields: Mechanisms, Modeling, Biological Effects, Therapeutic Effects, International Standards, Exposure Criteria

Example text

EMF could also modulate the distribution of protein and lipid domains in the membrane bilayer, as well as conformational changes in lipid-protein associations by altering the kinetics of binding. Ion and/or ligand binding represents, therefore, a coupling mechanism for electromagnetic fields which can be quantitatively and, as will be shown, predictively, analyzed. 38 2 Mechanisms of Action of EMFs on Biological Systems Ionic interactions at electrically charged interfaces of a cell are voltage dependent (electrochemical) processes.

Fe, is the Faraday's constant. Co ,C;, are the concentrations of the certain ion, on the external and internal side of the membrane respectively, at equilibrium, in other words, when the net flux of this ion, is zero. The total electrical potential difference across the membrane, is the sum of the contributions from all the existing ions, restoring the final balance between osmotic and electrical forces. [The proof of Nernst equation, is given in Appendix 2 of this chapter]. 'Po - 'Pi = - An external electric field, will exert forces on these ions, with two possible results: 1) Causing a polarization of constant magnitude and direction in the cell, if the field is static, 2) Causing a forced-vibration to the above free ions, if the field is an oscillating one.

1991): "Voltage-sensing residues in the S4 region of a mammalian K+ channel", Nature 353, 752-756. 33. M. , (1982): "Gating currents associated with potassium channel activation", Nature 296, 657-659. 34. , (1991): "Biological effects on the cellular level of electric field pulses", Health Physics, 61,3, 395-399. 35. G. ), p. 331, Plenum Press, New York 36. A. 37. , Moggia E. , (1994), Interaction mechanism between electromagnetic fields and ion absorption: endogenous forces and collision frequency, Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, 35, 33-37.

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