Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular by Dennis Broeders
By Dennis Broeders
Simply because borders by myself can't cease abnormal migration, the eu Union is popping progressively more to inner regulate measures. via surveillance, member states goal to exclude abnormal migrants from societal associations, thereby discouraging their remain or deporting people who find themselves apprehended. And but, states can't expel immigrants who stay nameless. identity has therefore develop into key. Breaking Down Anonymity exhibits how electronic surveillance is changing into a first-rate device of identity and exclusion guidelines in the direction of abnormal migrants. To help this declare, the learn charts coverage advancements in Germany and the Netherlands. It analyses either international locations' labour industry controls in addition to their detention and expulsion practices. additionally tested is the improvement of a number of new ecu migration databases. Spanning the Continent, those info platforms create a brand new eu Union frontier - person who is electronic, biometric and ever-strengthening.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Additional info for Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular Migrants in Germany and the Netherlands
This rather grim metaphor draws attention to the fact that borders and immigration policy have become a line of defence against immigrants who are perceived to be laying siege to the fortress. Since the late 1980s, national policies for immigration and asylum have developed along the rationale of denying, or at the very least, limiting access for most immigrants. The invitation policies and guest worker programmes were over and immigration should have grinded to a halt. When it didn’t, public and political opinion of immigration and immigrants began to change.
It is more a Ban than a Panopticon. (Bigo & Guild 2005: 3; Bigo 2004) In other words, surveillance aims to divide the mainstream of the mobile population into separate subpopulations, which are to be treated differently. The Dutch and German asylum procedures are prime examples of the art of subdivision. These procedures have made various subdivisions within the broad category of eligible refugees, meaning those applicants who cannot be sent away due to humanitarian reasons. Most of those who are not refused protection are channelled towards some form of temporary and auxiliary status with fewer legal rights than the UN refugee status.
Why is there a ‘significant and persistent gap between official immigration policies and actual policy outcomes’ (Cornelius et al. 2004: 4)? This ‘policy gap hypothesis’ is, in the view of Cornelius, Martin and Hollifield who coined the phrase in the first edition of their book Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective, not even a real hypothesis. They stress that it is perhaps misleading to refer to the gap hypothesis as a true hypothesis since it is an empirical fact that few labour-importing countries have immigration control policies that are perfectly implemented or do not result in unintended consequences.