Catholicism, Race and Empire: Eugenics in Portugal, by Richard Cleminson

By Richard Cleminson

This monograph discusses Portuguese eugenics inside a powerful overseas historiographical comparative framework and situates it inside diversified neighborhood, medical and ideological different types of eugenics within the similar interval. the writer argues approximately 3 elements that curtailed the improvement of eugenics in Portugal: the low point of institutionalization, Catholic competition and the conservative nature of the Salazar regime. The eugenic technological know-how and circulation used to be restrained to 3 valuable expressions: individualized stories on psychological future health, usually from a biotypological standpoint; a specific stance on racial miscegenation in the context of the life of huge colonies below Portuguese rule; and a diffuse version of social hygiene, maternity care and puericulture. This ebook not just brings to gentle an unstudied eugenics stream; it additionally invitations the reader to re-think the family members among northern and southern kinds of eugenics, the position of faith, the dynamic nature of eugenics find a house for its theories and the character of colonialism.

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Few details were provided and there was little discussion of the measure. ’ (pp. 164–169). G. Wells criticised Galton’s address on eugenics and favoured sterilisation over Galton’s breeding of the select for the improvement of the species (p. 164). In other parts of the book, sterilisation was conceptualised as a means of impeding the growth and influence of the ‘degenerate’ not as a ‘eugenic’ measure per se. The two fields, however, were beginning their convergence as the discussion of Galton shows.

254). 30 João Gonçalves, ‘Atavismo e degenerescencia’, A Medicina Contemporanea, IX(43), 28 October 1906, pp. 340–342; João Gonçalves, ‘Degenerescencia e criminalidade’, A Medicina Contemporanea, IX(44), 4 November 1906, pp. 347–348, where alcoholism, for example, was deemed responsible for atavism and criminality. 31 [Miguel Bombarda], ‘Degenerescencia e esterilisação’, A Medicina Contemporanea, VII(35), 28 August 1904, p. 284, in which the author refers to his previous article at the beginning of the month and relates the research of some German scientists who sterilised some rabbits by means of X-rays with no deleterious effects on sexual desire.

Eu, da Raça dos Navegadores, affirmo que não pode durar! ’ Álvaro de Campos was one of the many heteronyms created by Fernando Pessoa. f. net/textos/461. For the broader context of the Ultimatum, see Estela Vieira, ‘Álvaro de Campos’s Ultimatum: An Old Recipe for a New Portuguese Poetics’, Luso-Brazilian Review, 47(2), 2010, pp. 120–134. indd 27 2014-08-04 13:54:24 CHAPTER II Nothing and no-one seemed to offer a solution to the decline of the nation. 3 He invites others to forget their pretentions for reform or revolution: ‘Move on, selfconvinced traditionalists, truly sincere anarchists, socialists who invoke their status as workers in order to cease work!

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