Cereals and Millets by Prasanta K. Subudhi, Takuji Sasaki, Gurdev S. Khush (auth.),

By Prasanta K. Subudhi, Takuji Sasaki, Gurdev S. Khush (auth.), Chittaranjan Kole (eds.)

Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants offers the present prestige of the elucidation and development of plant genomes of monetary curiosity. the point of interest is on genetic and actual mapping, positioning, cloning, tracking of fascinating genes by means of molecular breeding and the latest advances in genomics. The sequence contains seven volumes: Cereals and Millets; Oilseeds; Pulses, Sugar and Tuber plants; end result and Nuts; greens; Technical plants; and woodland Trees.

Cereals and millets shape the prime team of box vegetation, offering staple nutrition for many of the earth’s inhabitants. This quantity, with contributions via 27 eminent scientists, contains chapters on rice, wheat, maize, barley, oats, rye, sorghum, pearl millet, foxtail millet and finger millet. The emphasis is on complex learn at the significant vegetation, together with the version crops maize and rice, in addition to on destiny highway maps of genomic examine for the less-often thought of yet both deserving cereals and millets.

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Temperature and/or photoperiod, simplification of hybrid seed production is now possible. Several temperature-sensitive genetic male sterile (TGMS) lines have been developed through irradiation (Virmani 1996). These mutants are male sterile under high temperature but revert to partial to full fertility under low-temperature conditions. In all TGMS lines, male sterility is controlled by a single recessive gene (Virmani 1999). So far, seven TGMS genes have been mapped on rice chromosomes 8, 7, 6, 2, 9 (Wang et al.

Wbph7(t) Wbph8(t) Green leaf hopper and Green rice leaf hopper GLH GlhIb1 Grlp3/Grh4 Pokkali OPR04 12L Huang et al. 1997b Ishii et al. 1994 Mei et al. 1996 Murata et al. 1998; Murai et al. 2001 Murata et al. 2000 – Asominori IR64 B5 B5 RG146B R1954, L668 RG103, RG167 R1925, G1318 R288, S11182 7 6 11 3 4 McCouch et al. 1991 Yamasaki et al. 1999 Kadirvel et al. 1999 Tan et al. 2004 Tan et al. 2004 ARC11554 Ptb8 DV85 Norin PL-6 DV85 Norin PL-6 IR24 Norin PL2 RZ262 OPA19320 XNpb144 Grlp11/Grh2 Grh1 Mudgo Chromo- Reference some 12L Hirabayashi and Ogawa 1995; Sharma et al.

2000) also physically mapped Stvb(i) in an approximately 286-kb region covering two overlapping BAC clones. 2 Insect Resistance Major insect pests of rice include gall midge, stem borer, brown plant hopper, and green leafhopper. While many of these insects damage rice crop by feeding others, particularly leafhoppers, act as vectors of many viruses, spreading viral diseases in rice crop. Host plant resistance is an ideal and environmentally friendly approach to lessening the damage to rice crop, and a large number of germplasms with resistance to various insect species have been identified accordingly, and inheritance of insect resistance has been elucidated (Khush and Brar 1991).

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