Christian Philosophy A-Z (Philosophy A-Z) by Randal Rauser, Daniel Hill
By Randal Rauser, Daniel Hill
A convenient consultant to the most important figures and concerns in Christian philosophy from Augustine to the present.This quantity covers a huge old sweep and takes under consideration these non-Christian philosophers that experience had a good impression at the Christian culture. besides the fact that, it concentrates at the concerns that perplex Christian philosophers as they search to imagine via their religion in a philosophical method and their philosophical ideals within the gentle in their religion. Examples of the subjects mentioned are the query of no matter if and the way God understands the longer term, even if we really comprehend that God exists, and what Athens has to do with Jerusalem. The leaders of the hot revival of Christian analytic philosophy, specially Alvin Plantinga, Nicholas Wolterstorff, William Alston, and Robert Adams also are integrated.
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Big-Bang cosmology has seemingly confirmed this aspect of the Christian account by positing that the universe was once shrunk down to a mathematical point; this, however, raises a new question, namely, whether it is appropriate to equate t = 0 (the moment of origination of the Big Bang) with divine creation. A counterpart of creation out of nothing is the claim that creation was a voluntary divine act, a claim that is denied by some Christian philosophers, including advocates of process theology.
Indeed, directed contingency is already essential to many scientific disciplines including cryptography and forensics; Dembski thus commends it likewise to the natural sciences. There are three criteria necessary to warrant the design inference: contingency, complexity and specified function. Hence, if a biological structure (such as DNA) is contingent, sufficiently complex and has a specified function, we can legitimately conclude that it has been designed. While critics dismiss intelligent design as another way to introduce God into science, it does not explicitly address whether the designer is supernatural or merely superintelligent.
See Calvinism; divinitatis, sensus; Edwards, Jonathan; Kuyper, Abraham CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY A–Z 29 Further reading: Calvin 1863–1900, 1960 and 1992–; Dowey 1994; Gamble 1992; Helm 2004; Muller 2000; Wendel 1987 Calvinism: A theology developed out of the thought of John Calvin, in particular his emphasis on divine sovereignty and predestination, Calvinism has been dominant in Reformed and Presbyterian churches. As summarised in the five points of the Synod of Dort (1618), Calvinism provides a logically coherent articulation of divine providence in relation to human salvation: (1) total depravity: original sin has distorted every aspect of the human mind and will such that human beings are dead in sin; (2) unconditional election: God elects people for salvation based on his inscrutable will rather than on their foreseen merit; (3) limited atonement: Christ died efficiently only for the elect; (4) irresistible grace: God’s Spirit draws the elect infallibly; and (5) perseverance of the Saints: the elect will persevere in faith and not fall away.