Design aids for EC2: design of concrete structures : design by Deutscher Beton-Verein

By Deutscher Beton-Verein

Eurocode 2 is the foremost rfile for destiny structural layout in concrete all through Europe. to exploit the code successfully, structural engineers desire a variety of aids within the type of circulation charts, layout charts and simplified tactics. This publication offers a majority of these, and is written with the authority of collaborative paintings by means of participants of the Concrete Societies of the united kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany. The practise of the booklet has been funded less than the dash eu neighborhood programme for innovation and know-how move.

Show description

Read Online or Download Design aids for EC2: design of concrete structures : design aids for ENV 1992-1-1, Eurocode 2, Part 1 PDF

Best design books

Art and Design in Photoshop: How to simulate just about anything from great works of art to urban graffiti

Fancy designing your individual vintage and modern motion picture posters, books and journal covers?

Feel like turning your pictures into works through Turner, Matisse and Magritte?

Want to create illustrations within the kinds of The Simpsons, steampunk and Victorian engravings?

Then you would like paintings and layout in Photoshop.

In this exact ebook, acclaimed grasp of photomontage and visible trickery Steve Caplin indicates you the way to stretch your inventive obstacles. Taking a similar tried-and-tested useful technique as his most sensible promoting the best way to Cheat in Photoshop titles, Steve's step by step directions recreate a blinding and various array of outstanding layout results. You'll the way to layout every thing from wine labels to sushi cartons, from certificate to iPod ads, from textbooks to pulp fiction.

Written by means of a operating professional, the transparent guidance pinpoint precisely what you want to be aware of: the way to get slick-looking effects with minimal fuss, with a 16-page Photoshop Reference bankruptcy that gives an at-a-glance consultant to Photoshop instruments and methods for much less skilled clients. Steve explains either typography and the layout strategy in a transparent, informative and enjoyable way.

All the pictures, textures and fonts utilized in the e-book are provided at the accompanying CD-ROM. ingenious, inspirational and enjoyable to take advantage of, this publication is a must have for each inventive Photoshop consumer, either beginner undefined.

* learn how to speedy and ingeniously create magnificent photograph results in Photoshop, from graffiti to vintage paintings, newsprint and stained-glass windows
* effortless and enjoyable to exploit with transparent step by step directions and 1000s of screenshots.
* Backwards suitable: totally up to date with the most recent Photoshop free up but additionally appropriate to be used with past types of Photoshop

Multi-objective Evolutionary Optimisation for Product Design and Manufacturing

With the expanding complexity and dynamism in today’s product layout and production, extra optimum, strong and useful techniques and structures are had to help product layout and production actions. Multi-objective Evolutionary Optimisation for Product layout and production provides a targeted selection of caliber chapters on cutting-edge study efforts in multi-objective evolutionary optimisation, in addition to their functional purposes to built-in product layout and production.

Extra info for Design aids for EC2: design of concrete structures : design aids for ENV 1992-1-1, Eurocode 2, Part 1

Sample text

3(3)). 4). 1 (ENV 1991–2–1)) Areas of dwelling, offices, etc. 3 Alternate spans carrying the design variable load. 4 Two adjacent spans carrying the design variable load. g. rooms in residential buildings and houses; rooms and wards in hospitals; bedrooms in hotels and hostels; kitchens and toilets. Category B Office areas Category C Areas where people may congregate (with the exception of areas defined under categories A, B, D and E) C1 areas with tables, etc. g. areas in schools, cafés, restaurants, dining halls, reading rooms, receptions, etc.

Chemically aggressive environments are classified in ISO 9690. 1 1 2a 2b 3 4a 4b 5a 5b 5c Minimum Reinforce 15 20 25 40 40 40 25 30 40 cover ment (mm) Prestressin 25 30 35 50 50 50 35 40 50 g steel NOTES 1. For slab elements, a reduction of 5 mm may be made for exposure classes 2–5. 2. A reduction of 5 mm may be made where concrete of strength class C40/50 and above is used for reinforced concrete in exposure classes 2a–5b and for prestressed concrete in exposure classes 1–5b. However, the minimum cover should never be less than that for class 1.

5, multiply by 1. 5/γc ultimate compressive strain in the concrete in ‰ DESIGN AIDS FOR EC2 For the boxed values, apply the values given in the appropriate NAD. 2 Reinforcing steel Material properties of reinforcing steel (Eurocode 2, part 1 (ENV 1992–1–1: 1993) and ENV 10080: 1994) ftk (N/mm2) Steel name ftd (N/mm2) fyk (N/mm2) B500A 525 455 500 B500B 540 470 500 NOTES 1. 2k/γs εuk = characteristic elongation of reinforcing steel at maximum load in % (ft/fy)k = characteristic ratio of tensile strength to yield stress Es = modulus of elasticity of reinforcing steel Es=2*105 N/mm2 Density=7850 kg/m3.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 4 votes