Dictionary of French Building Terms by Richard Wiles
By Richard Wiles
This crucial dictionary and word e-book presents each time period you want to comprehend whilst purchasing, preserving, renovating or construction a house in France. obtainable and complete, it comprises the technical phrases you will not locate in a regular dictionary for instruments and gear and each element of portray, carpentry, roofing, plumbing and drainage. It additionally equips you with terminology for making plans structural alterations akin to extensions and picking limitations. An appendix of emergency words will make this a publication you want to continue through the telephone continually. no matter if you personal a house or paintings in France, this booklet can assist you seek advice from French tradesmen with authority and stay away from high priced misunderstandings as you pull down the language barrier brick through brick.
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The utility cost savings or revenues associated with each of these would have to be integrated, similarly over the 8,760-hour year, by calculating the utility bill with and without solar energy, using the details of the utility rate schedule. The time period T is arbitrary, but needs to be small if we assume a constant output power from the solar system. If we assume the distribution profile (c in Figure 1-10), then we can maintain an acceptable accuracy at time periods up to one year. Here assume the time period T to include only the 4380 daytime hours of the year- then power purchased at night must be calculated separately and added to this to the total to account for all of the power purchased from the utility.
Additionally, what makes this PV system special is that when we built the maintenance building a few years before we installed the PV, we had designed into the building the necessary conduits as well as the upsized electrical switchgear, enabling all the PV project money to go into the PV panels and not into the building infrastructure. Through the efficient use of project funds, we were able to turn what was supposed to be a net-zero electricity system into a system that produces 20 percent more electrical energy than the building consumes.
For example, a housing area with solar on every roof but very little electricity use during the day (parents at work; kids at school) would be configured to send power back through a substation and on to commercial or industrial loads during the day. DEMAND RESPONSE Demand response is the control of some loads, turning the load off or down if necessary. Demand response may be used to limit any sudden transitions in the load on the conventional system due to the intermittency of the solar resource.