Distillation : fundamentals and principles by Andrzej Gorak, Eva Sorensen

By Andrzej Gorak, Eva Sorensen

Distillation: basics and Principles is a unmarried resource of authoritative details on all points of the idea and perform of contemporary distillation, appropriate for complex scholars and execs operating in a laboratory, commercial crops, or a managerial means. It addresses an important and present study on commercial distillation, together with all steps in procedure layout (feasibility research, modeling, and experimental validation), including operation and regulate points. This quantity positive factors an additional concentrate on the conceptual layout of distillation.

  • Practical details at the most up-to-date improvement written by way of well-known experts
  • Coverage of a tremendous diversity of laboratory and commercial distillation approaches
  • Extensive references for every bankruptcy enables extra study

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Extra info for Distillation : fundamentals and principles

Sample text

Long before, in 1658, Johann Glauber had already described oil formation (black oleum) during coal retorting [40]. In the late eighteenth century, dry distilled coal (coke) was used for the first time for iron production and melting. Solid, liquid, and gaseous byproducts were primarily dumped into the environment. Coke gases were found to burn with a bright flame and were introduced as private and public lighting. In 1826 gas lighting was introduced in Berlin; it had been introduced in London in 1807 and in Paris in 1822.

In 1973 [87]. The distillation chapter by B. D. Smith and Block contains only 60 pages on the thermodynamic derivation of material properties and activity coefficients as well as flash and binary, multicomponent, and azeotropic distillation. Column internals are now integrated in a separate chapter on mass transfer equipment [88]. John Fair and his co-authors give a detailed discussion of gaseliquid contacting trays, bubble-cap and sieve trays, and unstructured and structured packings, such as Raschig rings, Lessing rings, Berl saddle, Intalox saddle, Tellerette, and Pall rings.

A general trend is toward multifunctional packings and their application in combined systems, such as catalytic distillation. Still, it is necessary to have a better understanding of catalytic performance and reaction together with the distillation process [121]. Combined processes are often performed with separate equipment, such as hybrid separation processes made from rectification and melt crystallization to purify close boiling mixtures [122]. Membrane separation was integrated in a distillation column [123].

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