English Syntax and Argumentation, Second Edition by Bas Aarts

By Bas Aarts

The hot variation of this textbook provides scholars an intensive grounding within the fundamentals of sentence constitution and syntactic argumentation. This version is totally revised, with the bankruptcy on X-bar syntax now break up in to offer larger prominence to clauses. It additionally includes many new routines, that are now graded by way of point of trouble. each one bankruptcy has a bit on advised additional interpreting fabric, and there's a bibliography and checklist of steered reference works.

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Additional resources for English Syntax and Argumentation, Second Edition

Example text

Thomas slept. Lee dreamt. Garry jumped. Unlike in the case of (44)–(47), we do not have a sense of incompleteness with these sentences. Direct Object 17 Some verbs appear to be able to function both transitively and intransitively, as the sentences in (53) and (54) show: (53)a b Harold moved the table. Harold moved. (54)a b Jake walked the dog. Jake walked. Saying that in each case the verb can function both transitively and intransitively amounts to saying that we have two different verbs move and two different verbs walk.

Proper nouns are names of people, places and even objects. In English these do not normally take a preceding determiner or modifying element (*the Jack, *a Sarah), nor a plural ending (*the Janets). I say ‘normally’ because in certain circumstances we can say, for example, He’s not the Jack I used to know or Would all the Janets in the room please raise their hands). Proper nouns are examples of what are called Referring Expressions. This is because when they are uttered in a particular context, they uniquely refer to one individual (or place or object) in the world of discourse.

He does. Jon cycles all the way to work every day, and so does Tim. Here, in the strings He does and so does Tim the auxiliary occurs without its main verb. This property has rather opaquely been referred to as code. (56)–(61) show that the other auxiliary types also display the phenomenon of code: (56) (57) Will Jon ride a bike all his life? He will. Jon will ride a bike all his life, and so will Harry. (58) (59) Is Jon always riding a bike in his spare time? He is. Jon is always riding his bike in his spare time, and so is Harry.

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