Estonia: Identity and Independence: Translated into English by Jean-Jacques Subrenat

By Jean-Jacques Subrenat

Within the span of purely seventy years, Estonia first proclaimed its independence, used to be occupied and disadvantaged of its sovereignty, observed lots of its voters deported, and but controlled to recuperate its independence. How did this small state retain its language and traditions alive in the course of part a century of career, and the way did it retain this kind of shiny feel of id? For the 1st time in English, this e-book supplies a finished view of the occasions which formed the future of up to date Estonia. The Editor, Jean-Jacques Subrenat, has referred to as upon an surprisingly extensive spectrum of the easiest specialists (in heritage, archeology, political technology, genetics, literature), but in addition on a number of the leaders who took half within the rebuilding of Estonia, to supply greater than a heritage, particularly a special testimony on a state reborn. Estonia: id and Independence presents infrequent perception into the numerous elements of a rustic whose situation in Northern Europe, in the ecu Union, and as a NATO best friend, but in addition as a detailed neighbour of Russia, merits the eye of students, newshounds, and expert readers this day. This quantity contains a thorough chronology of Estonia (from prehistory to accession to the eu Union), and a short c.v. of every co-author. Estonia: id and Independence can also be on hand in 3 different languages (A. Bertricau is the pen-name of Jean-Jacques Subrenat, the initiator and Editor of this book): Estonian: 1st and 2d version : A. Bertricau, "Eesti identiteet ja iseseisvus", released through Avita in Tallinn, 2001 and 2002; Russian: A. Bertricau, "Samoopredelenie i nezavissimost' Estonii", released via Avita in Tallinn, August 2001; French : A. Bertricau, "Estonie, identit? et ind?pendance", released by means of L'Harmattan in Paris, November 2001.

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Additional info for Estonia: Identity and Independence: Translated into English (On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, Freedom, and Moral Imagination in the Baltics, 2)

Example text

In the period of national awakening it didn’t in fact become popular, that happened later, during the period of Russification. In Jakobson’ s famous school textbooks it was Hurt’s approach to history which caused the Russian censor to ban one anthology. It’s too easy to contend that, at the time, such a myth was in fact necessary. The myth lived on with a certain shift of focus and in concrete terms, during the period of national awakening the nonmythological approach continued to exist in full force, although of course not everywhere.

Corroboration of the eastern origin of the typical comb-ware 26 The Time of Shadows ceramics culture is provided by skulls with Mongoloid characteristics found in the corresponding settlements in Estonia and Latvia. Thus archaeological and anthropological facts allow one to connect the makers of typical combware ceramics with tribes of Finno-Ugric origin. In comparison with the Mesolithic period, the number of archaeological finds increased considerably. The size of the population grew, and settlement took root on the islands and in north-western Estonia.

For that reason I consider myths – irrespective of their present-day political use – as dangerous in the long term. We may recall, for instance, the theory that Estonia emerged during the 20th century from a 700-year period of slavery. This theory has, in my opinion, done much damage to the self-image of the Estonian people. Hvostov: In the case of Africa, it is also claimed that not one phenomenon has affected the continent as negatively as the constant lament on the frustrations of slaves, the arrival of the white man and the consequent treading underfoot of the local population.

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