Ethnic Americans: Immigration and American Society by Leonard Dinnerstein

By Leonard Dinnerstein

For greater than 3 a long time, Ethnic Americans has been hailed as a vintage historical past of immigration to the US. Leonard Dinnerstein and David M. Reimers start with a short assessment of immigration in the course of the colonial and early nationwide eras (1492 to the 1820s), focusing totally on the arriving of English Protestants, whereas while stressing the range introduced by way of Dutch, French, Spanish, and different small teams, together with "free humans of colour" from the Caribbean. subsequent they stick to large-scale ecu immigration from 1830 to the Eighties. Catholicism turned a huge strength in the US in this interval, with immigrants& mdash;five million within the Eighteen Eighties on my own& mdash;creating a brand new mosaic in each country of the Union. This part additionally touches at the arrival, starting in 1848, of chinese language immigrants and different teams who was hoping to discover gold and get wealthy. next chapters handle jap and southern ecu immigration from 1890 to 1940; rookies from the Western Hemisphere and Asia who arrived from 1840 to 1940; immigration limit from 1875 to international warfare II; and the postwar arrival and stories of Asian, Mexican, Hungarian, and Cuban refugees.

Taking the previous fifteen years into consideration, the 5th version of Ethnic american citizens considers contemporary influxes of Asians and Hispanics, in particular the surge within the Mexican inhabitants, and contains elevated insurance of nativist sentiment in American politics and thought.

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Some of these women eventually married and left their jobs, but others remained single. Many opened bank accounts and provided passage money to bring their brothers and sisters to the United States. Along with the Irish came the Germans. But unlike the Irish, they continued to be the largest ethnic group arriving in all but three of the years between 1854 and 1894. Before the end of the century more than 5 million Germans reached the United States; in the twentieth century another 2 million came.

Occasional groups of political refugees, like the 25,000 or so French-speaking immigrants who fled their Caribbean plantations in the 1790s in the wake of slave uprisings, might be given safe havens. But these newcomers, usually middle or upper class, brought a courtliness or sophistication that allowed them to mingle with the elite in American society. As a result they assimilated rather quickly and suffered much less from minority status than did those of lesser education, wealth, or position.

Federalists worried about these immigrants with radical ideas, and some Jeffersonian Republicans believed that French refugees did not have a A Wave of Immigrants, 1789–1890s 21 proper appreciation of American republicanism. As a result, Congress gave President John Adams power to deport persons deemed dangerous, even in time of peace. Adams did not use this authority. However, a sedition act was used against Irish-born Congressman Matthew Lyons for libeling President Adams in the press. The crisis and conflict over immigration resulting from the French Revolution ended in 1800, however.

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