Evolution of sleep: Phylogenetic and functional perspectives by Patrick McNamara, Robert A. Barton, Charles L. Nunn

By Patrick McNamara, Robert A. Barton, Charles L. Nunn

Examine up to now 20 years has produced significant advances in knowing sleep inside specific species. concurrently, molecular advances have made it attainable to generate phylogenetic bushes, whereas new analytical tools give you the instruments to ascertain macroevolutionary swap on those timber. those equipment have lately been utilized to questions about the evolution of exact sleep nation features and capabilities. This ebook synthesizes contemporary advances in our realizing of the evolutionary origins of sleep and its adaptive functionality, and it lays the foundation for destiny evolutionary examine by means of assessing sleep styles within the significant animal lineages.

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G. , & Macdonald, D. W. (1995). Use of middens by red foxes: Risk reverses rhythms of rats. Journal of Mammalogy, 76, 130–136. Freckleton, R. , Harvey, P. , & Pagel, M. (2002). Phylogenetic analysis and comparative data: A test and review of evidence. The American Naturalist, 160, 712–726. , Jechura, T. , Moore, F. , & Bingman, V. P. (2006). Daytime naps in night-migrating birds: Behavioural adaptation to seasonal sleep deprivation in the Swainson’s thrush, Catharus ustulatus. Animal Behaviour, 72, 951–958.

However, recent studies utilizing operationalized criteria to characterize sleep behavior suggest that 37 38 Kristyna M. Hartse sleep is present in insects. Two states of spontaneous behavioral quiescence, tonic immobilization and prostrate immobilization, were identified in the mosquito on the basis of posture and head position, and there was decreased responsiveness to mechanical stimulation during the latter state (Haufe, 1963). In the moth, five sleeping postures were described based on antenna position.

Sleep in marine mammals. Experimental Brain Research, 8, 227–238. Mukhametov, L. M. (1995). Paradoxical sleep peculiarities in aquatic mammals. Sleep Research, 24A, 202. , & Tobler, I. (2003). Sleep and social status in captive gelada baboons (Theropithecus gelada). Behavioral Brain Research, 147, 9–15. 31 32 Isabella Capellini et al. Nunn, C. , & Barton, R. A. (2001). Comparative methods for studying primate adaptation and allometry. Evolutionary Anthropology, 10, 81–98. Oates, J. F. (1987). Food distribution and foraging behavior.

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