Experimental Philosophy by Shaun Nichols, Joshua Knobe

By Shaun Nichols, Joshua Knobe

Experimental philosophy is a brand new move that seeks to come the self-discipline of philosophy to a spotlight on questions about how humans really imagine and suppose. Departing from a long-standing culture, experimental philosophers exit and behavior systematic experiments to arrive a greater knowing of people's traditional intuitions approximately philosophically major questions. even if the circulate is simply many years outdated, it has already sparked an explosion of latest learn, difficult a few adored assumptions in either philosophy and cognitive technological know-how. the current quantity offers an advent to the most important topics of labor in experimental philosophy, bringing jointly the most influential articles within the box besides a set of latest papers that discover the theoretical value of this new examine.

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But, of course, for our polemical purposes, an explanatory hypothesis is not really essential. The mere fact that Ws, EAs, and SCs have different epistemic intuitions is enough to make it plausible that IDR strategies which take these intuitions as inputs would yield significantly different normative pronouncements as output. And this, we think, puts the ball squarely in the court of the defenders of IDR strategies. They must either argue that intuitive differences of the sort we’ve found would not lead to diverging normative claims, or they must argue that the outputs of an IDR strategy are genuinely normative despite the fact that they are different for different cultures.

Gettier Cases A category of examples that has loomed large in the recent epistemology literature are “Gettier cases,” in which a person has good (though, as it happens, false, or only accidentally true, or in some other way warrant deprived) evidence for a belief which is true. These cases are, of course, by their very construction in many ways quite similar to unproblematic cases in which a person has good and true evidence for a true belief. As Norenzayan and Nisbett have shown, EAs are more inclined than Ws to make categorical judgments on the basis of similarity.

Gettier Case, Western and East Asian. ” But among EAs this pattern is actually reversed! A majority of EAs say that Bob really knows. 5. Evidence from Another Ethnic Group The experiments we have reported thus far were done in lower division classes and large lectures at Rutgers. Since Rutgers is the State University of New Jersey and New Jersey is home to many people of Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi descent, in the course of the experiments we collected lots of data about these people’s intuitions.

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