First Settlement of Remote Oceania: Earliest Sites in the by Mike T. Carson

By Mike T. Carson

This ebook deals the single synthesis of early-period Marianas archaeology, marking the 1st human cost of distant Oceania approximately 1500 B.C. In those distant islands of the northwest Pacific Ocean, archaeological discoveries now can outline the oldest web site contexts, courting, and artifacts of a Neolithic (late stone-age) humans. This historical payment was once finished by means of the world’s longest open-ocean voyage in human heritage at its time, greater than 2000 km from any modern populated zone. This paintings brings the remoted Mariana Islands into the leading edge of medical study of ways humans first settled distant Oceania, extra very important for realizing long-distance human migration more often than not. Given this importance, the early Marianas websites deserve shut realization that has been awkwardly lacking previously. the writer attracts on his years of extensive box study to outline the earliest Marianas websites in medical element yet obtainable for huge readership. It covers 3 significant themes: 1) situating the traditional websites of their unique environmental contexts; 2) stock of the early-period websites and their courting; and three) the complete diversity of pottery, stone instruments, shell adorns, and different artifacts. The paintings concludes with discussing the affects of the findings on Asia-Pacific archaeology and on human international migration studies.

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Shell beads, House of Taga. f Conus sp. shell beads, House of Taga. g Conus sp. shell pendants, House of Taga. h Chert adze, broken, Unai Bapot. i Anadara sp. shell artifact, unknown purpose, Unai Bapot. j Isognomon sp. fish-hooks, House of Taga. k Conus sp. bracelet fragments, House of Taga Stone and Shell Artifacts 47 Fig. 2 Approximate chronology of stone and shell artifacts in the Mariana Islands presumably were cutting blades or saws (see Fig. 1b and c), possibly set into a stick of wood originally.

5 13C/12C Measured radiocarbon ratio (%) age (years B. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. D. 4 %) Conventional Marine reservoir Calibrated radiocarbon radiocarbon correction (DR) date range age (years B. ) (calendar years) 24 4 Earliest Site Inventory Chicago-669 Beta-33390 (Moore et al. 1992) Beta-83216 GX-20797 Beta-81952 Beta-8953 Beta-81954 Beta-81955 Stratum VII, Feature 520, 268–283 cm Stratum VII, Feature 520, 268–283 cm Unclear context but probably post-dating earliest redware Charcoal combined from multiple locations, 36–61 cm Stratum VII, 227-249 cm Stratum VII, 230-244 cm Stratum VII, 244 cm Stratum VII, Feature 500, 241-262 cm Stratum VII, 244–250 cm Stratum VII, 250–260 cm Stratum VII, 250–260 cm Stratum VII, 258–273 cm Beta-83213 Beta-81950 Beta-81951 GX-20796 Beta-83214 Beta-81948 Stratum VII, 210-220 cm Stratum VII, 217-230 cm Stratum VII, 220 cm Stratum VII, Feature 488, 220-230 cm Stratum VII, 220-230 cm Stratum VII, Feature 494, 227-249 cm Unit 3, Layer IV, 90-100 cm; predates cultural layer; shell taxon may not be reliable for dating, subject to possible marine upwelling Beta-62608 Beta-81946 Beta-81949 Beta-81947 GX-20,795 Comments Radiocarbon sample Chalan Piao, Saipan (Spoehr 1957: 60–67) (Haun et al.

Beta-214761) for a separate super-imposed layer at 140–160 cm. This upper layer contained a diagnostically later pottery type of thicker redware with bolder incised decorations. This layer formation coincided with a more stabilized landform higher above sea level, and a significantly different nearshore ecosystem was confirmed in the shellfish records (Carson 2008). The unexpectedly early dates for Anadara shells prompt an assessment of the marine reservoir correction (DR). The DR of -44 ± 41 was calculated for Anadara shells at the Ritidian site in Guam (Carson 2010), also confirmed accurate at the House of Taga site in Tinian as described above.

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