Food, Farming, and Hunting (American Indian Contributions to by Emory Dean Keoke

By Emory Dean Keoke

By the point eu conquistadores and colonizers arrived within the Americas, beginning in 1492, American Indians had already invented refined searching and fishing expertise. They accumulated countless numbers of vegetation for foodstuff, fiber, and medication, and primary domesticated three-quarters of the meals plants raised on the earth this present day. foodstuff, Farming, and looking covers the various contributions that American Indians have made all through heritage, together with a number of the instruments utilized in searching, similar to bolas, bows and arrows, and camouflage, and different tools of fishing for every tradition. the quantity identifies the various meals North American, Mesoamerican, and South American Indians collected, discusses the start of agriculture within the Americas, and describes the crops that have been ultimately domesticated and farmed. Later advancements and enhancements in farming, resembling irrigation and using fertilizer, also are coated.

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A great deal of sap was needed to make syrup. During an entire sugaring season one tree produces from 35 to 50 quarts of sap. On a warm day a birch-bark pail might fill in an hour. When it is boiled, this amount makes a 5 31 32 5 Food, Farming, and Hunting quart to a quart and a half of maple syrup. Sugaring was a busy time because the Indians tapped hundreds of trees. When they had collected enough sap, they concentrated the sap into syrup. One way they did this was to drop hot stones into This engraving made in 1724 shows American Indians collecting sap from maple trees and boiling it.

European colonists eventually picked up this habit. The fluff from milkweed became a disposable diaper used to line cradle boards (baby carriers). Nuts Nuts are fruits with hard shells around a kernel. Indians of the Southwest gathered piñon nuts from pine trees. In addition to hickory nuts and pecans, which they later domesticated, North American Indians ate acorns. Indigenous people living in what is now California depended on acorns for food. Acorns contain tannic acid, which makes them poisonous and bitter.

Other plant foods of ancient American gatherers are not so widely known outside of the tribes that originally ate them. American Indians also gathered plants for fibers to make clothing, houses, and ropes. Indian people used some of the plants they gathered for dye to color fabric and even food. They also used wild plants for medicines. WELL-KNOWN FOODS THAT NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS GATHERED Many of the foods American Indians first gathered have become part of the diet of people throughout the world today.

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