French Colonialism in Tropical Africa 1900-1945 by Jean Suret-Canale
By Jean Suret-Canale
Universal phrases and phrases
Afrique Franfaise brokers agricultural Albert Londres Albert Sarraut Angoulvant authority Banque grew to become Belgian Bordeaux Brazzaville British price range Cameroons canton chiefs capital cent Chad chartered businesses circle commander colonial management colonial procedure coloniale advertisement commerciale Conakry concessions Congo cotton council challenge vegetation cultivation Dahomey Dakar decree financial tested ecu exploitation export favour pressured labour woodland Fouta-Djalon francaise francs French Equatorial Africa French West Africa Gabon German governor governor-general groundnuts Guinea hectares Ibid vital indigenous provident societies pursuits funding Ivory Coast kilo l'Afrique occidentale land Libreville customarily heart Congo army missions monopoly local Niger noire occidentale franfaise legit organised Paris peasant interval plantations political inhabitants port Porto-Novo construction revenue railway line recruitment areas remained insurrection Revue rubber Saint-Louis Sarraut colleges moment international Senegal Senegalese settlers slaves social Sudan taxes territories tion Togo lots took buying and selling posts conventional troops tropical Africa Ubangi Ubangi-Shari Vichy villag
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Extra info for French Colonialism in Tropical Africa 1900-1945
The principal buyer was Germany, which used the wood for the manufacture of cigar boxes. The export of ivory, after reaching a peak of 210 tons in 1905 steadily declined; the important stocks accumulated in the villages had been pilfered and the systematic massacre of elephants led to a depletion of supplies. As to the rubber, the record of 1906 ( 1,950 tons exported) was never reached again. The destruction of the settlements and the exhaustion of the population forced to collect it made 1,500 to 1,700 tons the highest possible figure.
The companies to fall victim to these measures were the two Liverpool firms, John Holt and Hatton and Cookson. The Liverpool-Manchester merchants took action, and it was not mere chance that their spokesman, E. D. so In September 1901 the Liverpool chamber of commerce lodged a solemn protest; and on 15 May, 1902, a meeting for the defence of British rights took place at the Mansion House. It was attended in person by John Holt, who was vice-president of the African section of the Liverpool chamber of commerce, and whose business was one of those most badly affected.
Their work was exclusively commercial with the 26 FRENCH COLONIALISM IN TROPICAL AFRICA somewhat absurd exception of poultry breeding at the main station. 57 But transactions were carried on rather differently. By virtue of the deed of concession, the companies considered themselves owners of the products. ' This franc was paid to him in the form of merchandise, and what merchandise! - often such extraordinary things as old uniforms, helmets and walking-sticks. 5 s (d) FROM EXPLOITATION TO EXTERMINATION: THE MARTYRDOM OF THE CONGO The concession-holders showed no gratitude to the colonial administration for the efforts made in their favour.