Gender and Genre in Medieval French Literature by Simon Gaunt
By Simon Gaunt
This wide-ranging learn explores the ideological framework of style in outdated French and Occitan literature via charting the connection among ideology and gender in 5 key genres: the chansons de geste, courtly romance, the Occitan canso, hagiography and the fabliaux. Simon Gaunt bargains new readings of canonical previous French and medieval Occitan texts equivalent to the Chanson de Roland, Chr?tien de Troyes' Chevalier de l. a. charrete, and lyrics by way of Bernart de Ventadorn. moreover, he considers many much less famous works and no more time-honored genres comparable to hagiography and the fabliaux. Drawing on modern feminist conception, he examines how masculinity, in addition to femininity, is built in medieval French and Occitan texts, and he exhibits that gender is a vital aspect within the formation of the ideologies that underpin medieval literary genres.
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The apparently seamless community has cracks. But if Ganelon successfully gets Roland killed there is no doubt that he is wrong to betray him: he poses no threat to Roland's value as a hero. The only serious challenge to Roland's heroic status comes from Oliver. That the oppositional voice should be his is significant, for the text privileges male bonding as the supreme emotional experience of the ideal knight: 151 Li quens Rollant, quant veit mort sun ami, Gesir adenz, a la tere sun vis, Mult dulcement a regreter le prist: 6 Sire cumpaign, tant mar fustes hardiz!
Franceis sunt morz par vostre legerie; Jamais Karlon de nus n'avrat servise. Se m' crei'sez, venuz i fust mi sire; Cest bataille oiisum ja fenie, U pris u mort i fust li reis Marsilie. Vostre proecce Rollant, mar la veimes! Karles li magnes de nos n'avrat ai'e N'ert mais tel home entresqu'al Deu jui'se -. Vos i murrez, e France en ert hunie. ' 1735 AOI Einz l'avesprer ert gref la departie. ' And he replies: 'Companion, you have done a terrible thing for bravery combined with wisdom is not folly: restraint is worth more than recklessness.
Roland can hardly believe that Oliver has struck him deliberately, but the thought obviously crosses his mind :24 Sire cumpain, faites le vos de gred? Ja est 9' Rollant ki tant vos soelt amer! Par nule guise ne m'avez desfiet. 2000 My lord companion, do you do this on purpose? This is Roland, who has always loved you so much! You have in no way challenged me. It is as if in this scene we have a symbolic enactment of the verbal confrontation of the two heroes. Shortly after this Oliver dies and Roland is left with Turpin by his side, a man who has consistently shared his ethical outlook and supported him against Oliver.