Gendering the International Asylum and Refugee Debate by J. Freedman
By J. Freedman
This examine presents a entire account of the placement of girls refugees globally and explains how they vary from males. It seems at factors of refugee flows, overseas legislation and conventions and their program, the guidelines and laws of Western governments, and lived reports of the refugees themselves.
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Additional info for Gendering the International Asylum and Refugee Debate
As Castles et al. (2001) point out, receiving societies are not monolithic entities and thus the process of “integration” will be a matter of different overlapping routes which will have varying outcomes according to the diverse spheres of society in which they take place. Some Western states provide specific programmes targeted at refugees and aimed at facilitating their “integration” within the host society, but in other cases the refugees are more or less left to fend for themselves with little support or intervention from national or local authorities.
However, a basic problem with these statistics is that they conflate “women and children” into one single category, thus obscuring even further the real nature of the statistical differences between men and women. The amalgamation of “women and children” into one category of “vulnerable” refugees is an important feature of the representations of women refugees in humanitarian actions, representations which can be argued to have major impacts on the way in which gender is treated in issues of refugee protection.
These figures reinforce the arguments outlined above which describe the difficulties that women have in undertaking any kind of forced migration and suggest that it is more likely that they will leave a country only when it absolutely the last choice, such as in times of civil war or conflict where their lives are in immediate danger, and that they will be less likely to flee when persecution is in the form of general violations of their human rights such as discriminatory laws or practices existing in some countries.