Genetics of Bacterial Diversity by David A. Hopwood

By David A. Hopwood

This article offers with the genetics and molecular biology of different micro organism, which perform medical, scientific, agricultural and biotechnological actions. Taking genetic variety as its subject matter, it illustrates phenomena similar to genetic structures controlling pathogenicity, symbiosis, chemotaxis, metabolic features, and differentiation

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J. Bacteriol. 151, 384-398. (41) Holt, J. G. (1984-1986). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 9th Edition, Vols. 1 and 2. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. Buchanan, R. E. and Gibbons, N. E. (1974). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 8th Edition. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. Chapter Diversity of Bacterial Genetics K. F. CHATER and D. A. HOPWOOD I. Introduction II. The Prokaryotic Genome A. How Big are the Genomes of Bacteria? B. Gross Genome Organization and its Slow Change During Evolution C.

Coli C. crescentus E. coli S. coelicolor SPOlAß. 0\/B. subtilis T 4 / £ . coli Housekeeping genes b Housekeeping genes b Housekeeping genes c H e a t shock genes b Unknown0 Several catabolicgenes (endoH, dagAp3)c,d Unknownb Sporulation genes b Sporulation g e n e s b e Sporulation genes b Sporulation genes f Motility genes b Motilitygenes b Motility genes g Nitrogen regulated genes b Agarase (dagAp2)d Phage middle genes b Phagelategenesb Phage late genes b a N u m b e r s indicate the spacing between the —35, — 10 a n d 4-1 regions.

It has proved particularly useful in transferring in ^Yro-manipulated DNA sequences into the R. capsulatus chromosome (as in interposon mutagenesis: Chapter 5). 33 2. Diversity of Bacterial Genetics IV. G E N E E X P R E S S I O N The study of gene expression in a range of bacteria has widened and deepened the picture derived from studies of E. coli. In this section we illustrate this by comparing E. coli with a representative of each of the two major Gram-positive subgroups: those with low (G 4- C) DNA (B.

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