Geological Methods for Archaeology by Norman Herz

By Norman Herz

This publication discusses the applying of geological tools and concept to archaeology. Written as a survey textual content overlaying applicable tools and strategies taken from geology, geophysics, geochemistry, and geochronology, it indicates the coed the practicality and significance of every technique's use in fixing archaeological difficulties. particular suggestions are illustrated by means of sensible effects acquired from the authors' use on archaeological digs.

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Some workers have applied the techniques of geomorphology in their studies, considering the mounds as artificial landforms. Over time, the mound profile will be modified, with the rate of change dependent on local factors such as climate and mound slope. At the time of occupation, the mound should have a noticeable hill profile. With abandonment, erosion will lower the profile. Efforts have been made to calculate the age of a mound by estimating the original mound height and profile versus its present height and profile; this is done by factoring in the local rate of erosion.

The pebbles are well rounded and made up of flint, quartzite, igneous rocks, sandstone, and limestone. Now located on the eastern bank of the Khabur River, Tell 'Atij consists of two hillocks. The larger one is the principal tell and is 150 m long at its base, 40 m wide, and rising to 10 m above the valley floor. The secondary tell is 30 m to the east and is 200 m long, 40 m wide, and only 2 m high. A stratigraphic study of the site was facilitated by the exposure of the west side of the principal tell due to the erosive action of the Khabur River, which exposed archaeological and geological deposits.

Color is often utilized to differentiate A and B horizons, as in assigning B to the color that is one Munsell unit redder (YR) and one unit brighter than the A. 4 Four varieties of quartzitic sand: upper left: multicyclic (Wisconsin); upper right: immature, subrounded (Great Sand Dunes, Colorado); lower left: poorly sorted beach sand (California); lower right: well-sorted, mature beach sand (Virginia Beach, Virginia). ) SEDIMENTS AND SOILS 45 Structure Structure refers to the macroscale—that is, to the physical organization of particles in a horizon or stratum.

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