German Literature of the Early Middle Ages (Camden House by Brian Murdoch

By Brian Murdoch

This moment quantity of the set not just provides an in depth photograph of the beginnings of writing in German from its first emergence as a literary language from round 750 to 1100, but additionally areas these earliest writings right into a context. the 1st phases of German literature existed inside of a manuscript tradition, so cautious attention is given to what constitutes the particular texts, yet German literature additionally arose inside of a society that had lately been Christianized -- throughout the medium of Latin. accordingly what we comprehend via literature in Germany at this early interval needs to contain a large amount of writing in Latin. therefore the amount appears to be like intimately at Latin works in prose and verse, yet with an eye fixed upon the interplay among Latin and German writings. the various fabric within the newly written German language isn't literary within the smooth experience of the note, yet makes transparent the problems and certainly the triumphs of the developing of a written literary language. person chapters glance first on the earliest translations and useful literature in German (including charms and prayers); subsequent, the exam of heroic fabric juxtaposes the Hildebrandlied with the Christian Ludwigslied and with Latin writings like Waltharius and the panegyrics; Otfrid's paintings -- the Gospel-poem in German -- is given its due prominence; the smaller German texts and the later prose works are totally taken care of; as is chronicle-writing in German and Latin. outdated excessive German literature was once a trickle in comparison to the flood of the Latin that surrounded (and stimulated) it, yet its significance is indisputable: that trickle grew to become a river.

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To view the image on this page please refer to the printed version of this book. The abbey church at Corvey in Westphalia, the oldest Benedictine abbey in Northern Germany (founded in 822); the western aspect (late tenth-early eleventh century, with some later additions). Into German: The Language of the Earliest German Literature Jonathan West in the oral tradition of the pre-literary period but the origins of German literacy are to be found 1 in the Latin literary culture of the post-Roman world.

The former designation bespeaks a Latin culture of some richness, plus some early pieces in the vernacular, many patently of philological interest. The second begs the question of what is meant by literature, and may embrace everything written down in the vernacular, including phrasebooks, Federproben (pen-testing samples), or fragments which are sometimes almost entirely unintelligible, although we may also find selfconscious efforts at writing in German with an aesthetic intent. The concept of literature in Germany in the early medieval period has to take in not only Latin above all, but all kinds of other writings, from runic inscriptions on brooches from Frankish graves down to stylistically ambi17 tious religious poetry in Old High German.

17), Persius (34–62), Juvenal (ca. 60–ca. 130), Boethius (ca. 480–ca. 524), Statius (ca. 45–ca. 95), 33 Terence (ca. ), and Lucan (39–65), followed by two years of dialectics and rhetoric. This seems to imply four years for the so-called trivium, the first stage of post-elementary education, which comprised grammar, dialectics and rhetoric; the second stage, or quadrivium, com34 prised music, arithmetic, geometry and astronomy. John Edwin Sandys has noted a Latin mnemonic to summarize this educational program: Gram[matica] loquitur; dia[lectica] vera docet; rhet[orica] verba colorat; Mus[ica] canit; ar[ithmetica] numerat; ge[ometria] ponderat; 35 ast[ronomia] colit astra (Grammar speaks, dialectics teaches true things, rhetoric colors the words we speak; music sings, arithmetic counts, geometry measures, and astronomy studies the stars).

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