Handbook of maize: genetics and genomics by Ed Coe (auth.), Jeffrey L. Bennetzen, Sarah Hake (eds.)

By Ed Coe (auth.), Jeffrey L. Bennetzen, Sarah Hake (eds.)

Handbook of Maize

Edited by way of Jeff Bennetzen and Sarah Hake

Maize is among the world’s optimum price plants, with a multibillion greenback annual contribution to agriculture. the good adaptability and excessive yield of maize as a foodstuff, feed and forage crop have ended in its creation on an immense scale, with acreage increasing on the price of alternative vegetation. Maize has built in its non-food utilization, comprising an incredible resource of ethanol for gas within the usa. additionally, maize has occupied heart degree within the transgenic plant controversy, serving as one of many first foodstuff plants with commercialized transgenic types. the discharge of the genome series of maize in 2008 will point out the constitution and gene content material of the 1st average-size plant genome and may be the main complicated genome sequenced from any organism thus far.

Beyond its significant agricultural and financial contributions, maize has been a version species for genetics because it used to be the 1st plant to have a genetic map, in the beginning released by way of Emerson and co-workers in 1935. Such significant genetic phenomena as transposable components, nucleolar organizers, telomeres and epigenetic gene legislation have been came across first in maize, and later stumbled on to be common eukaryotic genome houses. those key genetic contributions proceed, together with taking the lead within the characterization of the evolution of the hugely risky genomes so universal in flowering vegetation.

Among plant technology researchers, maize has the second one greatest study neighborhood, trailing in simple terms the Arabidopsis group. regardless of the scale and scope of this neighborhood, a complete ebook at the biology of maize – focusing on genetics, genomics or total biology - has now not been released. for that reason, a latest and entire quantity at the prestige (and destiny) of maize as a species for organic examine is extremely warranted.

Handbook of Maize: Genetics and Genomics facilities at the earlier, current and way forward for maize as a version for plant genetics and crop development. The publication comprises chapters from the main maize specialists at the function of maize within the beginning of plant genetics, in smooth crop development and within the research of genome constitution, functionality and evolution.

Jeff Bennetzen, Ph.D. is the Norman and Doris Giles Professor of Molecular Biology and practical Genomics on the collage of Georgia, and can also be a Georgia learn Alliance Eminent pupil. He has studied the constitution and evolution of the maize genome for the final 28 years.

Sarah Hake, Ph.D. is the Director of the Plant Gene Expression heart of the us division of Agriculture – Agricultural examine provider and college of California, Berkeley. She can be an accessory Professor within the division of Plant and Microbial Biology at U. C. Berkeley. She has labored on maize all through her medical occupation.

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1956a [Issued Feb. 1956, Symposium held 15–17 June 1955]. Intranuclear systems controlling gene action and mutation. pp. 58–74. In Mutation, Brookhaven Symposia in Biology, No. 8. Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY. [No editor listed for this volume. C. King, Symposium Chairman. Cited in Moore (1987) as “Issued 1956” but listed chronologically with the 1955 publications. Listed in Carnegie Year Book No. ] **McClintock, Barbara. 1956b. Y. 1. Further study of the a1m-1-Spm system.

8 Unstable Mutants and the Discovery of Transposable Elements Returning to CIW in 1945, McClintock continued to investigate the behavior of chromosomes and the effects of deletions and rearrangements. Similar to her past (and future) studies, McClintock focused her attention on unique phenotypes. Such mutant or altered phenotypes were her key to unlocking the mechanisms of chromosome behavior, responses of the genome to stress and to gene regulation. In 1945, the same year she was elected the first woman President of the Genetics Society of America, she characterized four unusual unstable mutations (McClintock 1946).

Discovered independently by P. Peterson (1953) yet structurally and functionally the same as Spm. The Enhancer function is equivalent to the Suppressor function (Sp) of Spm and the Inhibitor function is equivalent to the mutator function (m) of Spm. An autonomous transposable element capable of controlling the transposition of the receptor element rDt at the A1 locus. In the presence of Dt, a1-dt responding alleles are unstable and express colored dots on a colorless aleurone background. In the absence of Dt, the a1-dt alleles are stable and exhibit a colorless aleurone.

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