Homer the Theologian: Neoplatonist Allegorical Reading and by Robert Lamberton

By Robert Lamberton

Here's the 1st survey of the surviving proof for the expansion, improvement, and impact of the Neoplatonist allegorical interpreting of the Iliad and Odyssey. Professor Lamberton argues that this custom of analyzing used to be to create new calls for on next epic and thereby adjust completely the character of ecu epic. The Neoplatonist analyzing used to be to be decisive within the start of allegorical epic in past due antiquity and kinds the historical past for the subsequent significant extension of the epic culture present in Dante.

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34b. See n. 54 above for the text. 78. See Pfeiffer, History of Classical Scholarship, pp. 237�46. 79. Aside from DcLacy, cited above, sec Buffierc's extensive treatment of Sto� icizing allegory of Homer, Mythes d'Homère, pp. 137-54, a n d passim. 80. πάς δέ ά περί τών θεών λόγος αρχαίας εξετάζει δόξας και µύθονς. ντων άεί τοις λόγοις τόν µνθον. άπαντα µέν ονν τά αινίγµατα λύειν έπ' ακριβές ου ράδιον, τον δέ πλήθους τών µνθενοµένων εκτεθέντος εις το µέσον, τών µέν όµολογούντων άλλήλοις, τών δ' εναντίον µένων, εύπορώτερον άν τις δύ� ναιτο εικάζειν εξ αυτών τάληθές (Geog.

69. Sec below, p. 29. Copyrighted material The Divine Homer and Neoplatonic Allegory 25 Both Herodotus and Plato clearly view the mythopoeic "theologizing" of the poets as creative. Plato would go further and describe it as subjective and arbitrary. Neither suggests that the poets had any need to veil their teachings, or that the narrative surface of the poems is deliberately designed to be ambiguous or misleading. There is reason to believe that Plato had considerable sensitivity to the Homeric poems as complex verbal artifacts, but, unlike most later Greek philosophers, he is dis711 inclined to make his points by appeal to earlier authority.

P. 267. The source for Chrvsippus's observation is Plutarch De and. pa. 34b. See n. 54 above for the text. 78. See Pfeiffer, History of Classical Scholarship, pp. 237�46. 79. Aside from DcLacy, cited above, sec Buffierc's extensive treatment of Sto� icizing allegory of Homer, Mythes d'Homère, pp. 137-54, a n d passim. 80. πάς δέ ά περί τών θεών λόγος αρχαίας εξετάζει δόξας και µύθονς. ντων άεί τοις λόγοις τόν µνθον. άπαντα µέν ονν τά αινίγµατα λύειν έπ' ακριβές ου ράδιον, τον δέ πλήθους τών µνθενοµένων εκτεθέντος εις το µέσον, τών µέν όµολογούντων άλλήλοις, τών δ' εναντίον µένων, εύπορώτερον άν τις δύ� ναιτο εικάζειν εξ αυτών τάληθές (Geog.

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