Homeric Voices: Discourse, Memory, Gender by Elizabeth Minchin

By Elizabeth Minchin

Homeric Voices is a research, from a compositional perspective, of the monstrous speeches and exchanges of speech that Homer depicts in his songs. Drawing on learn in sociolinguistics, discourse research, and cognitive psychology, Elizabeth Minchin considers the phrases that Homer attributes to his characters from views, as cognitive and as social phenomena. She asks how the poet labored with reminiscence to generate the speech kinds that he represents; and the way Homeric speech constructs and divulges the social hierarchies which are sure up with age, prestige, and gender--with specific curiosity in gender--in the realm of the poems.

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You might be able to kill him. Apollo might give you such glory. Speech Acts in Homer 35 A fourth example is the rebuke which Achilleus utters when he seeks to settle the dispute which arises in the course of the chariot-race in the Funeral Games for Patroklos. Here (23. 492–8) he addresses Aias, son of Oı¨leus, and Idomeneus, who disagree about the identity of the driver who appears to be in the lead. Again, all four elements are used to express the rebuke. (1) address (23. 493) `rÆí š ÉäïìåíåF ôå, Aias and Idomeneus, (2) problem (492–3) ìçŒÝôØ íFí ÷ƺåðïEóØí IìåßâåóŁïí KðÝåóóØí, .

493) `rÆí š ÉäïìåíåF ôå, Aias and Idomeneus, (2) problem (492–3) ìçŒÝôØ íFí ÷ƺåðïEóØí IìåßâåóŁïí KðÝåóóØí, . . ŒÆŒïEò, Kðåd ïPäb ŠïØŒå. No longer now, Aias and Idomeneus, continue to exchange this bitter and evil talk. It is not becoming. (3) action viewed from a broader perspective (494) ŒÆd äš ¼ººfiø íåìåóAôïí, ‹ôØò ôïØÆFôÜ ªå ÞÝæïØ. If another acted so, you yourselves would be angry. (4) proposal (495–8) Iºº š •ìåEò Kí IªHíØ ŒÆŁÞìåíïØ åNóïæÜÆóŁå ¥ððïıò: ïƒ äb ôÜ÷š ÆPôïd KðåتüìåíïØ ðåæd íߌçò KíŁÜäš KºåýóïíôÆØ: ôüôå äb ªíþóåóŁå ŒŒÆóôïò ¥ððïıò Úæªåßøí, ï¥ äåýôåæïØ ïQ ôå ðÜæïØŁåí.

His rebuke (16. 721–5) is brief, but to the point: (1) address (16. 721) œ ‚Œôïæ, Hektor, (2) problem (721) ôßðôå ìÜ÷çò IðïðÆýåÆØ; ïPäÝ ôß óå ÷æÞ. why have you stopped Wghting? You should not do it. (3) action viewed from a broader perspective (722–3) ÆYŁš ‹óïí lóóøí åNìß, ôüóïí óÝï öÝæôåæïò åYçí; ôH Œå ôÜ÷Æ óôıªåæHò ðïºÝìïı IðåæøÞóåØÆò. If I were as much stronger than you as I am now weaker! So might you, in this evil way, hold back from the Wghting. (4) proposal (724–5) Iººš ¼ªå, —ÆôæüŒºfiø Šöåðå ŒæÆôåæþíı÷Æò ¥ððïıò, ÆY ŒÝí ðþò ìØí Œºfiçò, äþfi ç äÝ ôïØ ås÷ïò Úðüººøí.

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