HPLC for Pharmaceutical Scientists by Yuri V. Kazakevich, Rosario LoBrutto
By Yuri V. Kazakevich, Rosario LoBrutto
HPLC for Pharmaceutical Scientists is a superb publication for either beginner and skilled pharmaceutical chemists who on a regular basis use HPLC as an analytical instrument to unravel not easy difficulties within the pharmaceutical undefined. It presents a unified method of HPLC with an equivalent and balanced therapy of the idea and perform of HPLC within the pharmaceutical industry.In-depth dialogue of retention techniques, smooth HPLC separation conception, houses of desk bound levels and columns are good combined with the sensible elements of quick and potent process improvement and technique validation. useful and pragmatic methods and real examples of powerful improvement of selective and rugged HPLC equipment from a physico-chemical standpoint are provided.This publication elucidates the position of HPLC through the whole drug improvement technique from drug candidate inception to advertised drug product and offers unique specifics of HPLC program in every one level of drug development.The most up-to-date developments and developments in hyphenated and really good HPLC innovations (LC-MS, LC-NMR, Preparative HPLC, extreme temperature HPLC, excessive strain liquid chromatography) also are mentioned.
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Extra resources for HPLC for Pharmaceutical Scientists
Four major types of ion-exchange centers are usually employed: 1. 2. 3. 4. SO3−—strong cation-exchanger CO2−—weak cation-exchanger Quaternary amine—strong anion-exchanger Tertiary amine—weak anion-exchanger Analyte retention and selectivity in ion-exchange chromatography are strongly dependent on the pH and ionic strength of the mobile phase. 10. 4 INTRODUCTION Size-Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) SEC is the method for dynamic separation of molecules according to their size; as indicated by its name, the separation is based on the exclusion of the molecules from the porous space of packing material due to their steric hindrance.
Consider the exchange of two ions A+ and B+ between the solution and exchange resin E−: A · E + B+ ⇔ B · E + A+ The equilibrium constant for this process is shown in Eq. (1-1): K= [ A + ][ BE ] [ AE ][ B + ] (1-1) which essentially determines the relative affinity of both cations to the exchange centers on the surface. If the constant is equal to 1, no discriminating ability is expected for this system. The higher the equilibrium constant (provided that it is greater than 1), the greater the ability of cation B+ to substitute A on the resin surface.
The radius is roughly proportional to the cubic root of the molecular weight, thus giving the impression that cubic root of the molecular weight should be proportional to the analyte retention volume. This is only observed in the regions of total exclusion and total permeation of the polymer molecules in the adsorbent porous space. A practically useful region for molecular weight determination is where partial permeation of the analyte molecules in the adsorbent porous space is observed. In this region the adsorbent pore size distribution plays the dominant role in the adsorbent ability to discriminate molecules according to their molecular weight.