Immigration Policy and the Scandinavian Welfare State by Grete Brochmann
By Grete Brochmann
This booklet explores the ancient improvement of post-war immigration politics in Norway, Sweden and Denmark from the point of view of the welfare country, interpreting how welfare states with excessive pursuits, beneficiant and inclusive welfare schemes and a powerful experience of egalitarianism take care of the pressures of immigration and growing to be diversities.
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Additional info for Immigration Policy and the Scandinavian Welfare State 1945–2010
The greater emphasis is on integration policy, although we believe that there is a continuous, dynamic interaction between this and immigration policy. Control influences influx (to a certain extent), which in turn influences the migration regime, both the drawing up of integration policy and further adjustments to immigration control. Integration policy includes both direct integration policy (measures explicitly earmarked for the immigrant population) and indirect integration policy (general welfare policy that also has consequences for immigrants).
After roughly 40 years since the new immigration gained a hold in the Nordic countries, can we now see the outline of a new Nordic migration regime or are we looking at three new regimes? This book can, of course, be read in its entirety, but each of the main sections can be read on its own. Work on the different chapters of this book was allocated to five authors from three countries. Sociologists Grete Brochmann and Anniken Hagelund are the main authors of this book, and also its editors; they have written the introductory chapter, the chapter on Norway, and the concluding comparative and summary analysis.
Unlike the assumption of a need for cultural similarity, which was otherwise (explicitly or implicitly) a characteristic feature of the welfare policies, the new immigrant policy encouraged cultural diversity. 19 In other words, the multicultural policy launched by the Swedish parliament in 1975 seemed to exist in an interesting state of tension with the Swedish welfare state ideology. Universal and selective models The new immigrant policy had to take into account yet another key point of departure: that welfare policies in Sweden were formulated in accordance with a universal welfare model.