Inflammation and Demyelination in the Central Nervous by Byron H. Waksman (auth.), Byron H. Waksman, Prof. Takeshi

By Byron H. Waksman (auth.), Byron H. Waksman, Prof. Takeshi Yonezawa, Dr. Hans Lassmann (eds.)

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Additional resources for Inflammation and Demyelination in the Central Nervous System: International Congress of Neuropathology, Vienna, September 5–10, 1982

Example text

And it is assumed that with such a low activity of antibody widespread demyelination would not occur in vivo, even though demyelination took place in vitro nervous tissue. 55 Regarding the myelination inhibiting antibody, it was reported by Bornstein and Raine (IO) and considered that it interfers with maturation of oligodendroglia. Extensive studies and search of responsible antigen were performed and glycolipids such as galactocerebroside, sulfatide and ganglioside were found responsible hapten antigen (9).

Subsequently, about 3 weeks after infection, the animals develop signs of paralysis and ataxia as a result of extensive -demyelination within the white matter (18, Fig. 2A). Areas of demyelination are associated with perivascular infiltration of inflammatory cells (Fig. 2B), including plasma cells. The degree of demyelination progresses over ensuing months, and may be immune-mediated since it is markedly diminished by immuno-suppressive agents (9). Furthermore, in contrast to the MHV-4 model in which remyelination by oligodendrocytes is extensive and occurs early, remyelination is delayed and incomplete (19).

These effects were commonly observed in EAE and EAN animals regardless of animal species, such as rats, guinea pigs, rabbits and monkeys. 4. Demyelinating agent in human diseases Studies on the demyelinating agents in human diseases have been also carried out using tissue cultures (17,18,19). However, results obtained with patient sera were often confusing and the interpretations may differ by individual investigators. This is especially true in Multiple Sclerosis. Since this type of demyelinating disease shows fluctuation of clinical symptom, exact timing of clinical symptoms and harvest of test material is extremely important.

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