International migration and citizenship today by Niklaus Steiner

By Niklaus Steiner

Overseas migration has emerged within the final decade as one of many world’s such a lot arguable and urgent concerns. This thought-provoking textbook deals the reader a extra nuanced and a professional figuring out of the advanced fiscal, political, cultural, and ethical issues that come up while humans stream throughout borders looking admission into different nations. Splitting the textual content into 5 wide sections, Steiner allows effortless navigation of the complicated discussions that encompass the problem of migration: part One – creation: examines how the relevant questions that body the e-book could be addressed, together with: what standards can be used to confess migrants? and the way should still a rustic supply citizenship? part – Immigrants: discusses the standards for accepting immigrants, facing the undesirable, and assessing the commercial, cultural and political affects. part 3 – Refugees: evaluates the tools used to guard refugees, the controversies surrounding asylum and the shortcomings of present refugee definitions. part 4 – Citizenship: charts the increase of nationalism, offers smooth problems with minority rights and variety, and examines approaches of naturalization around the globe. part 5 – end: considers extra unconventional ways to migration and citizenship, and indicates relocating in the direction of a extra holistic procedure. rigorously built to spark dialogue and pupil mirrored image and that includes prompt assets on the finish of every part, this ebook deals dozens of latest examples and case stories from around the globe. foreign Migration and Citizenship at the present time is vital analyzing for not just scholars of migration and citizenship, but additionally globalization, diplomacy, and democracies.

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In the US, this temporary approach to filling labor needs for low-skilled workers is not new. From 1942 until 1964, the Bracero Program allowed US farmers to bring in several million workers, mainly from Mexico, on short-term contracts, and it began as a way to fill labor shortages caused by American workers serving in World War II. This program, heavily concentrated in Texas and California, was ultimately shut down by the government because of concern over widespread abuses of the workers. This abuse was highlighted by such labor rights activists as César Chávez and came at a time when civil rights were high on the American political agenda.

Winners may bring their spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21. 30 I am intrigued by the randomness of this approach, which seems to take the emotion out of the debate over whom to admit. Of course it also takes the calculated reasoning out of it, which may not allow us to maximize the positive impact of immigration. 5 United States Diversity Lottery: random selection of 15 countries and number of visas issued (2008) Country of origin Visas issued Central African Republic Madagascar Malawi Djibouti Malaysia United Arab Emirates Belgium Czech Republic Monaco Uzbekistan Romania Fiji Kiribati Chile Cuba 8 43 171 20 87 27 89 158 4 3,101 1,526 630 9 26 691 Family connections Emotions and calculated reasoning are once again at the forefront when debating the admission of immigrants on the basis of family members already in the host country.

19 The first federal attempt to punish employers for hiring illegal immigrants was made by the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA). Under this law, if employers were found to knowingly hire illegal immigrants they could be fined hundreds or thousands of dollars or spend six months in prison. While Congress was debating IRCA, it asked the General Accounting Office to research how employer sanctions were working in other countries. After exploring 19 countries, Peter Brownell reported that the GAO found sanctions were largely ineffective for two reasons: first, employers were either able to avoid punishment or punished too lightly if caught; and second, there was a lack of resources and political will to properly implement sanctions.

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