Introduction to Building Services by E.F. Curd, Chris Howard
By E.F. Curd, Chris Howard
This booklet offers a valid perception into the complicated and broad ranging box of establishing companies. it is going to allure as a textbook to HND scholars of establishing prone engineering in addition to to undergraduate scholars of volume and development surveying, property administration, development, and structure and similar disciplines, all of whom are as a rule required to take an introductory path in development prone
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Where the cumulative effect of discharges is such that siphonage effects could develop, and this is particularly the case for multi-storey buildings, a one-pipe or two-pipe system may be preferable. DRAINAGE BELOW GROUND In the design of above-ground drainage systems a division of discharge was sometimes made into waste discharges and soil discharges. 19 waste pipe Two-pipe disposal installation drainage both waste and soil discharges enter the foul drain and are separated from the rainwater collected, the latter being carried by the surface water drain, where a dual system operates.
6 In connection with below-ground drainage systerns define invert level and invert depth. 7 Name four alternative methods of gaining access to a drain for the clearing of blockages. 8 Explain the difference between the operation of a septic tank and that of a cesspool. 9 How many the efficiency of refuse collection by attendant operatives be improved? 10 Why must the adoption of sink grinders for refuse disposal be considered as only part of a system for effective disposal? 26 BS 5911 :Part 2: 1982 Specification for inspection chambers and gullies (precast concrete) BS 65: 1991 Specification for vitrified clayware pipes, fittings and joints BS 5911 : 1982 Precast concrete pipes for drainage and sewerage; BS 3656 : 1981 (1990) Specification for asbestos cement pipes; BS 437 : 1978 Specification for cast iron spigot and socket drain pipes and fittings; BS 4660: 1989 Unplasticised PVC underground drain pipes and fittings Building Regulations 1991, Clause H2, Cess- Disposal Services pools and tanks, and Approved Document H; BS 6297 : 1983 Code of practice for the design and installation of small sewage treatment works and cesspools 20 Building Regulations 1991, Approved Document H, clause H2, Capacity, p.
1 Related heating subsystems UTILIZATION SUBSYSTEM A heat emitter has to provide a heat output to the space where it is positioned. The heat that it produces must be adequate to maintain the space at the internal design condition at an appropriate outside winter air temperature. The output of the emitters matches the sum of the fabric and ventilation heat losses in the space: the greater the temperature difference between the surface of the heat emitter and the room air, and the surrounding surfaces, the greater the required heat output.