It's about time: a history of archaeological dating in North by Stephen E. Nash

By Stephen E. Nash

Archaeologists with services in stratigraphy, ceramic courting, obsidian hydration, and luminescence relationship current historic and nontechnical stories of the development, improvement, and alertness in their ideas.

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1997) and compare temporal relationships. Colman et al. (1987:315) suggested that the term absolute be abandoned altogether and replaced by four categories: numerical-age methods, applied to those that produce results on a ratio scale but that may have uncertainties attached; calibrated-age methods, in which rates of particular processes must be calibrated by independent chronological control; relative-age methods, those that produce sequences of events; and correlated-age methods, those in which age estimates are produced through correlation (or association) with independently dated events.

It is focused primarily on time. This focus, therefore, is reflected in the definition of stratigraphy in archaeology. It is essentially superposition and dating. Archaeologists have simply not emphasized description, naming, and classifying. The History of Archaeological Stratigraphy and Dating My approach to discussing the history of stratigraphic dating is to contrast those archaeologists who study people living in ancient (Pleistocene/Early Holocene) periods from those who study people living in more recent periods.

Dendrochronology was developed and applied by archaeologists in the 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s. Radiocarbon dating was introduced to archaeology in 1949 and was widely applied in the 1950s. The bases for archaeomagnetic, obsidian hydration, and luminescence dating were introduced in the 1960s, though the application of each in North American archaeology has followed radically different developmental trajectories. Since then, numerous other dating techniques have been developed in the physical sciences and have been applied to archaeological research (see chapters in Taylor and Aitken 1997; Wintle 1996), though they are beyond the scope of this volume.

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