Jesuits and Fortifications: The Contribution of the Jesuits by Denis De Lucca
By Denis De Lucca
This publication units out to discover the contribution of the Society of Jesus to the dissemination of information approximately army structure within the Baroque age. It indicates how the Jesuits built a militant kind of non secular expression detailed at protestants and infidels and the way many Jesuit mathematicians assisted Catholic leaders through the use of the mathematical schools hooked up to many schools and seminaries for nobles to supply school room and personal educating, courses or even consultancies touching on fortification conception, then thought of to shape a part of the 'mathematical disciplines'. This ebook finds that the involvement of many Jesuits in 'de re militari' used to be common, occasionally resulting in feedback, inner controversies and crises of sense of right and wrong. The curiosity of Jesuits in fortifications used to be discontinued after the 1773-1814 suppression interval.
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Additional resources for Jesuits and Fortifications: The Contribution of the Jesuits to Military Architecture in the Baroque Age
42 Villari, Baroque Personae, 32 (Chapter 2 on ‘The Soldier’ by Geoffrey Parker). 43 Ganss, Constitutions, 32. 10 chapter one the discipline of all these combined cannot, in point of stern, rigid, and protracted severity, for a moment be compared to the drilling and discipline which fitted and moulded men for becoming full members of the militant Institute of Jesus. 45 The strongest evidence that exists supporting this statement consists of two unique letters,46 dictated by Ignatius on 6 August 1552 to his secretary Polanco, urging the Emperor Charles V (1519–1556) to build a powerful fleet of galleys for defensive and offensive operations in the Mediterranean sea.
Reproduced with the kind permission of Dr Stephen Turnbull. 6 chapter one ment’s enactment of the Act of Supremacy in 1534, these events had posed a direct challenge of these ‘heretics’ to papal supremacy. There was then the gross misbehaviour of the Spanish, Italian and German troops led by the Constable of Bourbon who had under the banner of the Holy Roman Empire, ransacked Rome itself in 1527. 18 It was in this grave moment of general predicament that Ignatius entered the historical scene, with a convincing offer to Pope Paul III Farnese to do something to solve the multi-faceted crisis.
2775) entitled Momenta quibus censet Ignatius per magnam navium classem a Carolo V, ornandam et instuendam esse: unde parari possint opes et sabsidia, ad illam aedificandam, docet (Pater Joannes de Polanco ex comm. Patri Hieronymo Natali, Roma 6 Augusti 1552). P. Ignatii (1546–1556), vol. LIII, ff. 239–240 which I have also examined at ARSI. A translation of this letter can be found in Donnelly, Jesuit Writings, 16–21, based on an earlier translation by Young, Letters, 259–265. Ignatius’ second letter to Charles V urging offensive military action against the Turks [ARSI, Polancus, Epistolae, 1546-1556, LII, 239].