Justin and Pompeius Trogus: A Study of the Language of by J.C. Yardley
By J.C. Yardley
Around 200AD, Marcus Junianus Justinus produced an abridged or 'epitomized' model of the Philippic Histories of the Augustan historian Pompeius Trogus. In doing so, he passed over all he didn't locate both intrinsically attention-grabbing or of use for ancient examples. Over the centuries that undefined, the abridgement eclipsed the unique paintings in reputation, to the level that Trogus' unique paintings vanished and in simple terms Justin's model survived.
In this research of the language of the Epitome, the 1st in nearly a century, J.C. Yardley examines the paintings to set up how a lot of the textual content belongs to Trogus, and what kind of to Justin. His research compares phrases and expressions utilized in the Epitome with using different Roman authors, and establishes components the place diction is the same to Augustan-era Latin and no more in use in Justin's time. Yardley's huge research finds that there's extra of Justin within the paintings than is usually meant, that can have implications for the old credibility of the rfile. Yardley additionally demonstrates how a lot Trogus used to be inspired by means of his modern Livy in addition to different Roman authors resembling Sallust and Caesar, and the way the Epitome finds the impression of Roman poetry, in particular the paintings of Virgil.
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Additional info for Justin and Pompeius Trogus: A Study of the Language of Justin's "Epitome" of Trogus
Fr. 60 eumque ab armis dimittit, cited by Servius on Virg. Aen. 844 luturnamque parat fratris dimittere ab armis. Taken by Sonny 474 and Goodyear VT 240 (who cite also Aen. 46 liceat dimittere ab armis I incolumem Ascanium) as Virgilian influence on Trogus. Cf. also Hirt. Gal. 4. 1 above more ingenii humani. 9 imperil... 3 Aemulum ... 3 aemulos imperii; cf. 3 regni aemulum) Cat. 1 Carthago aemula imperi Romani, Veil. 34 imperii eius pertinax aemula; then Tac. Ann. ) Romani imperii aemulis. See also Vretska on Cat.
Considerare debent liceatne turn pacem agere. ). 6. Subsequently in Curt. 7, Veil. 2, Tac. Hist. 4. 24-6. 12 natura et moribus inmitem ferumque (and according to PHI not found elsewhere). 10 incrementum ingens virium habet. ) Also Val. Max. 2a virium Romanarum et incrementum laetissimum et tutela certissima. 6 bellum ... 9 inexpiabile bellum adversus se ... 7 inexpiabile ... bellum ... geramus. Also in Cicero (3), Quint. Inst. (1), Florus (1). 65-70. 15 triumphi spectaculum trahar, cf. 1 velut ad spectaculum triumphi multitude effusa est; also Flor.
31 regno potita est (much favoured by Justin/Trogus; cf. 9 Perseus potitus regno. Then Col. 1 potitur Proserpina regno, Val. Max. 2 ext. 3 ext. 2 regno potiretur, and Tac. Ann. 1 regnoque potitur. Cf. also Trogus Pro/. 1 Persae regno potiti, possibly suggesting that it was a usage of Trogus. 6 ignavissimum quemque relinqui ad custodiam sarcinarum. Then Curt. 14 ad custodiam castrorum relicto. 7) Much-favoured Livian phrase, in the nom. ). Influenced by Sallust (Jug. ])? See above p. 13. 4 abundante multitudine, cf.