Knowledge, Networks and Nations: Global scientific by Royal Society

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97 The increasingly international profile of business R&D investment is, in part, a reflection of intensifying global competition for leadership and talent in the most important and fastest growing markets. Companies that site their R&D activities close to new and emerging markets gain valuable insights into how best to meet the needs of those markets. 98 Companies using these business models innovate by looking outward for new knowledge (eg. collaborating or buying/licensing new processes or inventions from other companies or locating their activities in close proximity to scientific and technological centres of excellence) as well as inward (eg.

These differences are not surprising. They reflect the strength of research, the availability of resources, and the scale of the research community in each country. In China, the overall numbers of international collaborations are growing significantly, but this is simply not keeping pace with the even more dramatic rise in its overall publication productivity. Established scientific nations such as the leading European nations are increasing their proportional collaboration, by contrast; this is, in part, a direct response to the increased and improved performance of the newly emerging powers.

Challenger during its oceanographic voyage,1873. From the Royal Society library and archive. 156 McCurry J (2010). South Korea counts the cost of being the most wired nation on earth. The Age, 18 July 2010; Ash L (2008). South Korea’s ‘e-sports’ stars. BBC News Online, 3 January 2008. bbc. stm. html, accessed 30 September 2010. 158 Royal Society (2010). The scientific century: securing our future prosperity. Royal Society: London, UK. Part 2 International collaboration Figure demonstrating the methods used by Dr Tamar Makin, Royal Society Newton International Fellow, FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, and colleagues to construct functional maps in the human brain, using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

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