Knowledge Representation, Reasoning, and the Design of by Gelfond M., Kahl Y.

By Gelfond M., Kahl Y.

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Extra resources for Knowledge Representation, Reasoning, and the Design of Intelligent Agents: The Answer-Set Programming Approach

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Or, it might wish to assume that if a person does not know whether she is going to class the next day, then that day is not a holiday. Such reasoning is captured by default negation. Here are two examples. p(a) ← not q (a). ” No rule of the program has q (a) in its head, and hence, nothing forces the reasoner, which uses the program as its knowledge base, to believe q (a). So, by the rationality principle, he does not. To satisfy the only rule of the program, the reasoner must believe p(a); thus, {p(a)} is the only answer set of the program.

5 One may ask why anyone would bother putting in the disjunction when p(a) and p(b) are known. Remember, however, that the facts could have been added (or learned) later. Also, in reality, the program may not be so straightforward. The facts may be derived from other rules and seemingly unrelated new information. 5. (Default Negation) Sometimes agents can make conclusions based on the absence of information. For example, an agent might assume that with the absence of evidence to the contrary, a class has not been canceled.

A) Compute the answer sets of the following program: p(X ) or q (X ) ← not r(X ). ¬p(X ) ← h(X ), not r(X ). h(a). h(b). r(a). r(b)? 75in 978 1 107 02956 9 Exercises November 19, 2013 39 10. (a) Compute the answer sets of the following program: p(a) ← not p(b). p(b) ← not p(a). q (a). ¬q (b) ← p(X ), not r(X ). r(b)? 11. Translate the following story about dealing with high prices into ASP. Ignore the time factor. “Either the supply was increased or price controls were instituted. Instituting price controls leads to shortages.

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