Landscape Transformations and the Archaeology of Impact: by Warren R. Perry (auth.)

By Warren R. Perry (auth.)

An try and use archaeological fabrics to enquire the colonization of southeastern Africa through the interval 1500 to 1900. Perry demonstrates the usefulness of archaeology in bypassing the biases of the ethnohistorical and documentary checklist and producing a extra accomplished realizing of heritage. particular awareness is paid to the interval of nation formation in Swaziland and a critique of the `Settler Model', which the writer reveals to be invalid.

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Extra info for Landscape Transformations and the Archaeology of Impact: Social Disruption and State Formation in Southern Africa

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Terrorized a wide area. (Omer-Cooper 1966, 23) 30 Chapter 3 The discussion so far demonstrates that the present conventional understanding of southern African history, especially the Mfecane/Difaqane, is based on a combination of the direct historical approach and a dash of diffusionism. The pre-Mfecane/Difaqane communities and their spatial distribution across the landscape are read out of the contemporary ethnographic and historic documents. Equally important is the Zulucentric focus of the settler paradigm.

Slaving supplied labor for external plantations and even more desperately needed local labor for internal colonization by means of trading and raiding campaigns representative of mercantile capitalism that radiated far beyond the highveld or Zululand. Therefore the notion of an internal revolution solely in terms of Zulu agency is both myopic and inaccurate because organized military regiments and innovations as well as continual exchange relations between southeast African polities and Europeans preceded and persisted throughout the reign of Shaka and Zulu state emergence (Cobbing 1988,485).

For purposes of analysis, I assume that the settler version is accurate to generate archaeological implications of this model. I present the types of sites postulated by the model, along with their expected locations, dates and material culture correlates. The documentary sources indicate that pre-Mfecane/Difaqane southern Africa was populated by Nguni and Sotho-Tswana agropastoralists who had come from the north into regions already occupied or at least seasonally used by Ju/’hoansi pastroforagers.

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