Linguistic and Communicative Competence: Topics in ESL by Christina Bratt Paulston

By Christina Bratt Paulston

An anthology of articles on educating English to audio system of alternative languages. The emphasis is on useful matters of lecture room strategies and on cross-cultural elements of training English world wide. a number of of the articles concentrate on communicative language educating.

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Shame is external, and appeal to < previous page page_32 next page > < previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 someone's non-existent guilt feelings is just more tuned-off teacher talk. Teachers are so constantly admonished never to use sarcasm in the classroom that they never resort to it except when they are angry and then it is indeed resented by American mainstream children. But in cultures where shame is a controlling sanction, verbal ridicule is a very powerful force. Many a toughie in the classroom, where his very toughness is enhanced by his unflinching attitude to the teacher's scolding, would mind very much to be made to lose face.

It is not particularly difficult to teach the techniques of classroom teaching evaluation: demonstration films and one-way glass do very well for this. But to instill a positive attitude of self-criticism is very difficult. To be able to see oneself teach without the distraction of the classroom, to discuss particular activities with other colleagues in terms of practical application of theory, to be involved in group dynamics where the expected behavior is to analyze and discuss all teaching are factors which have in my experience been the most efficient in bringing about such an attitude.

And he is more perceptive than you are; he will understand your criticism of his family background long before it ever dawns on you what you are doing. Do be careful of your comments on students' speech; language is an integral part of their sense of self and ego-identity. 3. The same moral value expressed differently Do recognize that different cultures may share the same moral values but express them differently on the surface. To look someone straight in the eye may signal honesty and above-board dealings to a mainstream teacher, but black children have often been carefully taught to avoid direct eye contact in order to show respect.

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