Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia by Seán Duffy

By Seán Duffy

Medieval eire: An Encyclopedia brings jointly in a single authoritative source the a number of points of lifestyles in eire earlier than and after the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1169, from the 6th to 16th century. Multidisciplinary in assurance, this A–Z reference paintings presents info on historic occasions, economics, politics, the humanities, faith, highbrow heritage, and plenty of different facets of the interval. With over 345 essays starting from 250 to 2,500 phrases, Medieval Ireland paints a full of life and colourful portrait of the time. For an entire record of entries, individuals, and extra, stopover at the Routledge Encyclopedias of the center a long time site.

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For example, the Irish word speal, “scythe,” is probably of Middle English origin, indicating that large-scale hay-making was introduced after the Anglo-Norman invasion. Similarly, much of the farmwork on an Anglo-Norman manor was done by persons classed as betagh (Irish bíattach, “unfree tenant”), who were almost always Irish, and would no doubt have held to at least some of the agricultural practices of their forefathers. Crops The archaeological evidence indicates that cereals have been grown in Ireland since Neolithic times.

In 697, he journeyed again to Ireland to promulgate the Cáin Adomnáin at a synod in Birr (County Offaly), a piece of legislation intended to protect non-combatants in times of war, by a system of fines. The guarantor list attaching to it of ninety-one ecclesiastical and secular potentates from every part of Ireland, including three from Scotland, is a genuine, contemporary document. Adomnán continued as abbot of Iona until his death. De locis sanctis shows a considerable knowledge of the works of Jerome and other patristic authors and makes reference to his consultation of libri graecitatis (“books of Greek words”).

See also Annals and Chronicles; Hagiography and Martyrologies; Kings and Kingship; Scots, Scotti ÁES DÁNA Áes Dána (literally, “the people of skill, craft”) is a collective term which identifies the practitioners of certain professions held in high esteem in medieval Ireland, while also distinguishing them from the farming community (áes trebtha). The áes dána comprised professions involving not only skills of artisanship, but also speech and knowledge. Examples of such people were doctors, lawyers, judges, harpists, and blacksmiths.

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