Mexican Migrants And Their Parental Households In Mexico by Paula Fomby
By Paula Fomby
Fomby explores how U.S.-bound migrants perform platforms of intergenerational alternate with their households final in Mexico. Taking the viewpoint of migrants as grownup youngsters of their households of starting place, she considers the standards linked to inception of migration careers, and asks how migration via chosen youngsters impacts the social and financial association of the parental loved ones. Fomby's evaluate of theoretical and empirical learn indicates that the dominant specialise in male hard work migration overlooks how migrants proceed to narrate to and impact mom and dad and siblings. She exhibits that migrant-sending parental families in Mexico are targeted of their composition, and that migrants proceed to make major monetary contributions from overseas.
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Extra info for Mexican Migrants And Their Parental Households In Mexico (The New Americans)
The second question considers the extent to which children’s migration influences the organization of the parental household. Generally speaking, migration trends alter general patterns of household composition and social roles in Mexican families. Adult daughters traditionally remain in their parents’ home until marriage, and adult sons remain in the home with their wives until they can afford to establish an independent household (Sanchez 1993). Although families in Mexico are less likely to live in extended households than are families elsewhere in Latin America (DeVos 1995), adult children in Mexican households leave home later than American children, who are increasingly likely to separate home-leaving and marriage into distinct life course stages (see Goldscheider and Goldscheider 1993).
The United States allows legal entry to skilled workers, as well as to Mexican tourists and family members of permanent residents and 6 INS policy also allows entry of 10,000 preferential unskilled immigrants. Although INS policy is to grant one-third of visas based on work preference, that proportion may be smaller in the end if exemptions are made to allow other family-based entry, as was the case in 1996. 7 The first administration of George W. Bush considered a temporary-worker program that would eventually grant permanent residence to some workers in agriculture and other manual labor occupations, but consideration was shelved after the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were attacked in 2001.
In the context of international migration, this means that household members respond to the decline of local economic opportunities or the rise in opportunities elsewhere by selecting some members to move away from home for work (Wood 1982). Research in sociology and economics provides various models to understand how the household operates. Three of those models have been applied to scholarship on migration. They are known respectively as the household as moral economy, the household strategies model, and the household bargaining approach.