Migration in a Mature Economy: Emigration and Internal by Dudley Baines

By Dudley Baines

During this examine Mr Baines has devised a style of estimating the county of start of all everlasting emigrants from England and Wales within the final 4 many years of the 19th century - a few 2.3 million humans. He has comparable the speed and timing of migration to the social and monetary features of the counties, which has supplied solutions to a number of the amazing questions within the background of English emigration, together with, for instance, the assumption of an 'Atlantic economic climate' and the level to which Welsh migration used to be precise from or built-in into the English trend. in short, the e-book concludes that the emigrants didn't, broadly speaking, come from 'peripheral' elements of the rustic. most likely one 1/2 the emigrants had identified no setting except a wide city. it's most probably that English and Welsh emigrants have been likely to go back than emigrants from any eu kingdom. many of the emigrants appear to have been well-informed concerning the expenses and merits of relocating - most likely from the event of past emigrants. English emigration couldn't for that reason were an easy flight from poverty, yet used to be really in line with a good thought of determination to go away domestic, even if now not inevitably for ever.

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Brown, Harry K. Schwartzweller and J. F. J. Mangalam, 'Kentucky mountain migration and the stem family', Rural Sociology 28, 1963, pp. 48-69. I am grateful to Charlotte Erickson for these references. Issues in the history of European emigration, 1840-1914 27 pie is provided by the village of San Giovanni Incario which lies in the mountains roughly halfway between Rome and Naples. In the 1950s, the village, which had a population of about 4,000, still had virtually no contact with the surrounding area.

31 See S. Kuznets, 'Long swings in the growth of population and related variables', Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 102 (1), pp. 31-6, for a summary of his views. It should be mentioned that not all economic historians accept the existence of long swings. The identification of long swings in, for example, population growth and investment depends on the prior identification of a trend and the measurement of deviations from that trend. The difficulty is that the trends that have been fitted to the main economic and demographic series are parabolic in form.

64 26 Migration in a mature economy The difference in regional emigration rates within a country possibly could be explained by the variance in economic and social characteristics of the regions. But studies of this type have so far achieved relatively limited success, even where sufficiently disaggregated data are available. This is probably because emigration was a self-reinforcing process. The majority of emigrants may have moved from one community to another and depended on the extension of contacts between the communities.

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