Migration in Irish History 1607-2007 by Patrick Fitzgerald

By Patrick Fitzgerald

Migration--people relocating in as immigrants, round as migrants, and out as emigrants--is an immense subject of Irish background. those 3 migratory flows are typically thought of in isolation and with regards to particular classes. this can be the 1st publication to provide either a survey of the final 4 centuries and an built-in research of migration, reflecting a extra inclusive definition of the 'people of Ireland'. Readers are brought to a wealthy and sundry array of basic resource fabric, the proper secondary literature and key ancient debates.

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There was good reason for it, if they knew it at the time, for those whom he left behind never again set eyes on him, and if they were aware of that, it would be no wonder if heavy tears of blood (troimdhera cró) coursed down their cheeks. (Walsh 1948, 341) Handclapping, violent lamentation and loud, wailing cries as part of the funeral ritual in Ireland can be traced back to the time of Columba and beyond, as can the motif of weeping tears of blood (Lambkin 1985–6, 74). Wake Such solemn, face-to-face leave-taking at a family gathering, accompanied by weeping (in a manner that echoes the ‘mourning and weeping’ of the Salve Regina), was the climax of a long-established custom of ‘waking’ departing emigrants (the same funeral ritual term that attracted Joyce for its fusion of life and death).

Built as a whaler in 1817, the Exmouth was a brig of 300 tons, registered to carry 167 passengers, which sailed from Derry to Quebec in 1847, carrying 208 men and women, 63 children under 14 and nine infants (two children being counted as one adult). ; Lambkin 2008). Similarly, the Carrick was lost in April 1847 on its passage to Canada with emigrants from the Palmerston estate in Sligo (Duffy 2004, 94). By contrast, the Jeanie Johnston, a brig of 510 tons, built in 1847, sailed from 1848 to 1851 between Tralee, Co.

In 1971 Boeing 747s were introduced on the transatlantic route, always the most profitable part of the operation. With the advent of Ryanair on the European aviation scene in 1985 and the development of other ‘low fare/no frills’ airlines the character of the migrant journey changed again. Although some fear flying as much as an ocean crossing, it is regarded generally as much more like a train journey through a long tunnel and this, together with increasingly affordable airfares, has greatly facilitated the possibility of frequent return to the ‘homeland’, marking well and truly ‘the end of the Irish Wake’ (Corcoran 1999).

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