Nathaniel Southgate Shaler and the culture of American by David N. Livingstone
By David N. Livingstone
Nathaniel Southgate Shaler and the tradition of yankee technological know-how is the 1st book-length examine of the guy who served a Harvard’s Professor of Geology and Paleontology through the Darwinian period. Shaler was once a pupil of Louis Agassiz and went directly to a winning, multifaceted profession as a geologist, geographer, educator, humanist, and poet. Livingstone employs a thematic method of chart Shaler’s profession opposed to the wider highbrow currents of America’s Gilded Age. After tracing Shaler’s existence tale from his boyhood in Kentucky via his pupil years at Harvard, his provider with the Geological Survey, and at last his years as Dean of Harvard’s Lawrence clinical institution, the writer examines Shaler’s evolutionary imaginative and prescient and portrays his strategic efforts to reconcile the 19th century’s medical and non secular global views. Livingstone assesses Shaler’s prolific writings, together with these on race, which show a regular trouble to supply a “scientific” standpoint at the political questions of immigration restrict and eugenic regulate. moreover, the publication explores his efforts to interweave geography and background, relatively in terms of the yankee frontier; and his contributions to geology and geomorphology. The portrait of Shaler is done with a overview of his academic pondering and his function in constructing the yank summer season university and in furthering medical and technological education. Nathaniel Southgate Shaler emerges from Livingstone’s paintings as a particular determine within the improvement of the recent clinical tradition, a determine who presents a focus for assessing the effect of evolutionary naturalism on late-nineteenth-century American idea.
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Additional info for Nathaniel Southgate Shaler and the culture of American science
13 Suffice it to note that many of these early evolutionists were opposed to Darwin's theory when it first appeared, for in many ways his version ran counter to the supposition of a necessary upward progression in organic history. Moreover, the furor generated by the pre-Darwinian evolutionary speculations of Robert Chambers conditioned very substantially the initial North American response to the Origin of Species. Although Chambers, in his anonymously published Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, entertained no doubts about divine creation itself, he resisted any suggestion of direct divine intervention in natural processes.
924 subject : Shaler, Nathaniel Southgate,--1841-1906, Geographers--United States--Biography. Page i Nathaniel Southgate Shaler and the Culture of American Science Page ii History of American Science and Technology Series General Editor, LESTER D. STEPHENS The Eagle's Nest: Natural History and American Ideas, 18121842, by Charlotte M. Porter Nathaniel Southgate Shaler and the Culture of American Science, by David N. Livingstone Page iii Nathaniel Southgate Shaler and the Culture of American Science David N.
Hitherto, ignorance had tended to play its part in the drama as much as propaganda. But in Rogers and Gray, Agassiz encountered formidable opponents. Of course they did not establish the validity of Darwinism. But they did demonstrate that the Origin could not be lightly dismissed and substantiated its right to be judged by scientific scrutiny rather than by philosophical speculation, by reason and not by passion. Of Fish and Fossils Into this atmosphere, fired with the metaphysics of transcendentalism and the evolution of Darwin, Shaler came in 1859.