Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the by Ilkka Tuomi
By Ilkka Tuomi
Integrating thoughts from a number of theoretical disciplines and specified analyses of the evolution of Internet-related thoughts (including computing device networking, the realm large internet and the Linux open resource working system), this booklet develops foundations for a brand new theoretical and sensible knowing of innovation. It covers subject matters starting from model to historical past of paintings, and contains the main specified research of the open resource improvement version to this point released.
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Extra resources for Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet
The entrepreneur may also address latent needs that have not yet been articulated as well-deﬁned needs. In this case the entrepreneur invents both the need and the product that addresses the need. This is the process that Kodama () called demand articulation. Of course, there are limits within which needs can be invented. It is difﬁcult or impossible to articulate needs that have no basis in the current social life. A successful entrepreneur is in this sense like a popular poet who puts in words what everyone was thinking but no one had said before.
Recombination is always linked to change in social practices. The unit of analysis is therefore not a decomposed artefact, but a complex system of humans and artefacts. In this sense, the usage is actually quite close to the original biological analogies that inspired the theory of recombinatorial growth. Eigen and Schuster (), for example, proposed a model of hypercycles to describe evolution as increasing complexity of linkages between subsystems. I have discussed the hypercycle model in detail in Tuomi ().
All artefacts play multiple roles in social life, for example, by being used in production at the same time when they are used in the reproduction of social practices. Such an artefact makes sense in an ontology that always remains only partially articulated and which we are never able to completely describe (Polanyi and Prosch, ). In this ontology, the functionality of things is only one of many relationships between the entities in the world, and therefore only one component of their meaning.