The Neurobiology of Epilepsy and Aging by R. Eugene Ramsay, James C. Cloyd, Kevin M. Kelly, Ilo E.
By R. Eugene Ramsay, James C. Cloyd, Kevin M. Kelly, Ilo E. Leppik, Emilio Perucca
This quantity within the International evaluate of Neurobiology sequence addresses the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and remedy of epilepsy in aged sufferers. Demographically, the aged contain either the fastest-growing section of the U.S. inhabitants and the grownup age crew with the top occurrence of epilepsy, but there are rather few guides dedicated to this medical subgroup. The intersection of those advanced processes―epilepsy and advancing age―will have an expanding influence on scientific and neighborhood care. The etiology, diagnosis, and differential prognosis of epilepsy can all be plagued by the conventional getting older procedure and by way of the common comorbidities encountered in an aged inhabitants. Chapters during this publication overview the consequences of getting older on mind functionality and on drug metabolism and interactions, overlaying the gamut of analysis from animal versions of getting older and epilepsy to medical trials and results. issues additionally contain the hazards of misdiagnosing prestige epilepticus, the certain matters encountered in recruiting and holding aged medical trial contributors, and using antiepileptic medicines within the aged. In either the hospital and the learn laboratory, a greater figuring out of ways epilepsy may possibly range among more youthful and older sufferers should be useful in deciding on the absolute best take care of geriatric sufferers with epilepsy.
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Extra resources for The Neurobiology of Epilepsy and Aging
N. (2000). A major eVect QTL determined by multiple genes in epileptic EL mice. Genome Res. 10, 42–48. Lipman, R. , Chrisp, C. , Hazzard, D. , and Bronson, R. T. (1996). Pathologic characterization of Brown Norway, Brown Norway Â Fischer 344, and Fischer 344 Â Brown Norway rats with relation to age. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 51A, B54–B59. ANIMAL MODELS IN GERONTOLOGY RESEARCH 27 Lipman, R. , Dallal, G. , and Bronson, R. T. (1999). EVects of genotype and diet on age-related lesions in ad libitum fed and calorie-restricted F344, BN, and BNF3F1 rats.
Using the same GABAB antagonist, they demonstrated that this compound, alone and in combination with other antiepileptic drugs, could reduce spontaneous SWDs as well as SWDs enhanced by the addition of the convulsant trimethylolpropane phosphate. In vitro epilepsy models, while not substitutes for whole animal testing, have the advantage of requiring less investigational drug when determining eYcacy. Two groups have used slice preparations of hippocampal-entorhinal cortex to study geriatric epilepsy.
Pharmacokinet. 15, 287–294. ANIMAL MODELS IN GERONTOLOGY RESEARCH Nancy L. Nadon National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. Animal Models in Aging Research: Considerations for Experimental Design The Age Factor Genetic Background Choice of Strain Environmental Influences Genomic Manipulations Resources References Animal models have paved the way for the vast majority of advances in biomedical research. Studies on aged animals are essential for understanding the processes inherent in normal aging and the progression of age-related diseases.